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Relations of loneliness, chronic disease risk, self-rated health, perceived impairment in activity and use of care among older people cross-sectional and longitudinal
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4149-9787
Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Loneliness is not only an unwanted feeling but it may have consequences for health outcomes including chronic disease risk, self-rated health, perceived impairment in activity and use of care. This study examined how feelings of loneliness change over time and relate to health outcomes among older adults.

Methods: This study included data spanning a 23-year period from Swedish Adoption/Twin Study of Aging (SATSA) participants who were 55 years and older. Loneliness was measured by the question ‘How often do you experience feelings of loneliness’ and was dichotomized as never versus ever having feelings of loneliness. Outcomes of interest included number of chronic diseases, self-rated health, perceived impairment in activities and receipt of care. Generalized linear models were used to characterize changes in loneliness over time and 2 cross-sectional multivariate logistic regression models explored the relationship between loneliness and the outcomes.

Results: Nearly half of respondents (45,8%) never felt lonely at baseline. At follow-up, significantly more persons experienced feelings of loneliness. At baseline, feelings of loneliness were related to chronic diseases, self-rated health, and perceived impairment in activity. Loneliness at follow-up was related to self-rated health and perceived impairment in activity.

Conclusion: oneliness increased over time and demonstrated complex relations to the outcomes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
National Category
Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42713OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-42713DiVA, id: diva2:1281732
Conference
24th Nordic Congress of Gerontology, Oslo, Norway, June 2-4, 2018
Available from: 2019-01-23 Created: 2019-01-23 Last updated: 2019-01-23Bibliographically approved

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Ernsth-Bravell, Marie

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
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