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Treatment of temporomandibular disorders with a combination of hard acrylic stabilisation appliance and a soft appliance in the opposing jaw: A retro- and prospective study.
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
2008 (English)In: Swedish Dental Journal, ISSN 0347-9994, Vol. 32, no 1, 9-16 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to evaluate the treatment effect of a combined treatment with a stabilisation appliance and a soft appliance in the opposing jaw in patients refractory to previous TMD treatment. During a 5-year-period, 2001-2005, a total of 98 patients received the combined treatment at the Department of Stomatognathic Physiology, the Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Jönköping, Sweden. Before the patients received the combined treatment, they had already been given several different TMD treatments during a long period of time, either before referral or at the specialist clinic, with only minor or no effect on their TMD symptoms. The patients were followed prospectively (n=10), or analysed retrospectively (n=88). The data registered were gender, age, main indication for TMD treatment, number of visits to the clinic before and after the introduction of the combined treatment, as well as according to a clinical (Di) and anamnestic (Ai) dysfunction index. The most common causes for treatment in the retrospective material were problems of muscular origin and problems of both muscular and TMJ origin. In the prospective material, most of the patients had mainly muscular symptoms. Both the clinical and anamnestic dysfunction index decreased statistically significantly in the retrospective material after the introduction of the combined treatment. There was a numerical improvement of both indices also in the prospective material. In conclusion, the present investigation showed that a combined treatment with a hard acrylic stabilisation appliance and a soft appliance in the opposing jaw seems to give a remarkable improvement of TMD signs and symptoms in apparently therapy resistant TMD patients. General conclusions should, however, be made with caution due to the fact that the study did not include any control group. There is an obvious need for randomized controlled studies concerning the efficacy and effectiveness of the combined treatment presented in this study.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 32, no 1, 9-16 p.
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-7167PubMedID: 18540516OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-7167DiVA: diva2:128030
Available from: 2008-12-11 Created: 2008-12-11 Last updated: 2009-03-18Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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More styles
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