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Betydelsen av delaktighet i vården - Patientens upplevelse: En litteraturöversikt
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The significance of participation in health care – The patient experience : A litterature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Delaktighet innebär en aktiv medverkan. I vården är delaktighet ömsesidig och beroende av både vårdpersonal och patient med anhöriga. Sjuksköterskans kärnkompetenser består bland annat av personcentrerad vård, vilken utgår från patientens behov. För att skapa en säker personcentrerad vård av kvalitet bör sjuksköterskan bland annat ha kunskap om delaktighet.  

Syfte: Att beskriva patientens upplevelse av delaktighet i vården.

Metod: En litteraturöversikt genomfördes med kvalitativ och induktiv ansats. CINAHL och MedLine har använts som databaser, vilket genererade i tio kvalitativa artiklar.

Resultat: Fyra kategorier och nio subkategorier analyserades fram och resulterade i att patienten upplever delaktighet vid kommunikation, delaktighet genom relation, möjlighet till delaktighet och via vårdpersonalens förhållningssätt till delaktighet.

Slutsats: Förståelse för patientens upplevelser av delaktighet har betydelse för att klarlägga och främja delaktighet samt forma en personcentrerad vård av kvalitét.

Abstract [en]

Background: Participation means an active involvement. In health care, participation is mutual and dependent on both healthcare professionals and patients with relatives. Six competencies for nursing consists among others patient-centered care, based on patient needs. In order to create a safe patient-centered quality care, the nurse should, for example, have knowledge of participation.

Aim: To describe patients experience of participation in healthcare.

Methods: A literature review was carried out with qualitative and inductive approach. CINAHL and MedLine were used as databases, which summed up in ten qualitative articles.

Results: Four categories and nine subcategories were analyzed and resulted in patient´s experience of participation. Patient experienced participation thorough communication, participation thorough relationship, possibility to participation and by healthcare professionals’ attitudes to participation.

Conclusions: Understanding of patients´ experience of participation is important to clarifying and promoting participation and shaping a patient-centered care of quality.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 23
Keywords [en]
Experience, participation, patient, patient-centered care, quality of healthcare
Keywords [sv]
Delaktighet, patient, personcentrerad vård, upplevelse, vårdkvalité
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42656ISRN: JU-HHJ-OMA-1-20190413OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-42656DiVA, id: diva2:1279260
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-01-18 Created: 2019-01-16 Last updated: 2019-01-18Bibliographically approved

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