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Egenvård vid hypertoni: En litteraturöversikt
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Self-care in hypertension : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: En av fem vuxna i världen har hypertoni. Hypertoni behandlas i första hand med livsstilsförändringar och vid utesluten effekt läkemedelsbehandling. Behandlingen vid hypertoni förutsätter en god egenvård, trots detta upplever patienter svårigheter att utföra egenvården. Egenvården förbättras då sjuksköterskan ger information samt stöttar patienten att använda egna strategier för att kontrollera sin sjukdom.

Syfte: Var att beskriva upplevelser av egenvård hos patienter med hypertoni.

Metod: Litteraturöversikten bestod av tio kvalitativa artiklar. Analys utfördes enligt Fribergs femstegsmodell.

Resultat: Presenterades i fyra huvudkategorier och tio underkategorier. I resultatet framkom vikten av kunskap och information för att patienter med hypertoni ska kunna bedriva egenvård. Patienterna upplevde svårigheter att följa läkemedelsrekommendationer relaterat till otillräcklig kunskap kring hypertoni. Brister i följsamhet orsakas enligt patienterna av otillräckligt stöd från vårdpersonal. Patienterna beskrev att brister i information samt följsamhet ledde till minskad tilltro till den egna förmågan, vilket försvårar egenvården.

Slutsats: Patienter upplevde brister i egenvård vid hypertoni. En god kommunikation mellan patient och sjuksköterska leder till ökad delaktighet i egenvården. Mer behöver göras för att ge vårdpersonal den kunskap som behövs för att utbilda patienter kring egenvård vid hypertoni.

Abstract [en]

Background: One of five adults in the world have hypertension. Hypertension is mainly treated with lifestyle changes and when the effect is excluded drug treatment. Treatment for hypertension requires good self-care, however, patients experience difficulties in performing self-care. Self-care is improved when the nurse provides information and supports the patient to use her own strategies to control her illness.

Aim: Was to describe experiences of self-care in patients with hypertension.

Method: The literature review was based on ten qualitative articles. Analysis was performed on the basis of Friberg’s five-step model.

Result: Was presented in four main categories and ten subcategories. In the result the importance of knowledge and information emerged to enable patients with hypertension to perform self-care. Patients experienced difficulties in following drug recommendations related to insufficient knowledge of hypertension. Failure in compliance is caused by patients with insufficient support from healthcare professionals. Patients described that lack of information and compliance led to reduced confidence in their own ability, which complicates self-care.

Conclusion: Patients experience insufficient self-care in hypertension. A good communication between patient and nurse leads to increased involvement in self-care. More needs to be done to provide healthcare professionals with the knowledge needed to educate patients about self-care in hypertension.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 18
Keywords [en]
Qualitative, patient, nurse, experience
Keywords [sv]
Kvalitativ, patient, sjuksköterska, upplevelser
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42616ISRN: JU-HHJ-OMA-1-20190400OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-42616DiVA, id: diva2:1278183
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-01-18 Created: 2019-01-13 Last updated: 2019-01-18Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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