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Upplevelser då en närstående drabbas av en hjärtinfarkt: En litteraturöversikt
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Experiences when a relative suffered from a myocardial infarction : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Hjärtinfarkt drabbar årligen 25 700 personer i Sverige och med varje drabbad person drabbas också anhöriga. Inläggningstiden på sjukhus för en hjärtinfarkt är kortare än vad den tidigare varit och förväntas bli ännu kortare i framtiden. Anhöriga får då ett större ansvar i att stödja den drabbade. Familjefokuserad omvårdnad synliggör hela familjens gemensamma resurser och behov.Syfte: Att beskriva anhörigas upplevelse, då en närstående drabbats av en hjärtinfarkt.Metod: Litteraturöversikt med induktiv design. Sökningen gjordes i databaserna CINAHL, PsycINFO och PubMed.Resultat: Litteraturöversiktens resultat baserades på 10 artiklar med kvalitativ design. Resultatet genererade totalt sju subkategorier som sedermera grupperades i tre huvudkategorier, vilka var: förändrade familjeförhållanden, skapa delaktighet och egna hälsoeffekter. Resultatet visade att anhörigas upplever en ny rollfördelning inom familjen, ett behov av att göras delaktig i vården av både vårdpersonal och den drabbade närstående. Dessutom förekom påverkan på deras egen hälsa utifrån både positiva och negativa upplevelser.Slutsats: Situationen för den anhöriga är komplext betingad och individuell. Således krävs ett individanpassat bemötande från vårdpersonal för att synliggöra anhörigas individuella och unika behov. Detta möjliggörs för sjuksköterskor genom tillämpning av familjefokuserad omvårdnad då hela familjen synliggörs.

Abstract [en]

Background: Myocardial infarction affect approximately 25 700 people annually in Sweden, and with every affected person is also relatives affected by the disease. The hospitalization period for a myocardial infarction is shorter than it used to be and is expected to be even shorter in the future. Relatives then get more responsibility in supporting the sufferer. Family focused nursing reveal the entire family's common resources and needs.Aim: To describe the relative’s experience when a family member suffered from myocardial infarction.Method: Literature overview with inductive design. The search was made in the databases CINAHL, PsycInfo and PubMed.Results: The results were based on 10 articles with qualitative design. The result generated a total of seven subcategories, which were subsequently grouped into three main categories, which were: changing family relationshipscreating participation and own health effects. The result showed that relatives perceive a new distribution of roles within the family, a need to be involved in the care from both healthcare professionals and the affected relatives. In addition, there was an impact on their own health based on both positive and negative experiences.Conclusion: The situation of the relatives is complex and individual. Thus, individualized care from healthcare professionals is required to visualize the relative’s individual needs. This is made possible for nurses through the application of family-focused care when the whole family is visualized.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 23
Keywords [en]
Experiences, family focused nursing, myocardial infarction, relatives
Keywords [sv]
Anhöriga, familjefokuserad omvårdnad, hjärtinfarkt, upplevelser
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42562ISRN: JU-HHJ-OMA-1-20190406OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-42562DiVA, id: diva2:1276945
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-01-18 Created: 2019-01-09 Last updated: 2019-01-18Bibliographically approved

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