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Balance improvement effects of biofeedback systems with state-of-the-art wearable sensors: A systematic review
Interdisciplinary Division of Biomedical Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6507-2329
Interdisciplinary Division of Biomedical Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong.
Li Ning Sports Science Research Center, Beijing, China.
Interdisciplinary Division of Biomedical Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong.
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2016 (English)In: Sensors, ISSN 1424-8220, E-ISSN 1424-8220, Vol. 16, no 4, article id 434Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Falls and fall-induced injuries are major global public health problems. Balance and gait disorders have been the second leading cause of falls. Inertial motion sensors and force sensors have been widely used to monitor both static and dynamic balance performance. Based on the detected performance, instant visual, auditory, electrotactile and vibrotactile biofeedback could be provided to augment the somatosensory input and enhance balance control. This review aims to synthesize the research examining the effect of biofeedback systems, with wearable inertial motion sensors and force sensors, on balance performance. Randomized and non-randomized clinical trials were included in this review. All studies were evaluated based on the methodological quality. Sample characteristics, device design and study characteristics were summarized. Most previous studies suggested that biofeedback devices were effective in enhancing static and dynamic balance in healthy young and older adults, and patients with balance and gait disorders. Attention should be paid to the choice of appropriate types of sensors and biofeedback for different intended purposes. Maximizing the computing capacity of the micro-processer, while minimizing the size of the electronic components, appears to be the future direction of optimizing the devices. Wearable balance-improving devices have their potential of serving as balance aids in daily life, which can be used indoors and outdoors. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2016. Vol. 16, no 4, article id 434
Keywords [en]
Balance, Falls, Force sensors, Inertial motion sensors, Real-time biofeedback, Sensory augmentation, Wearable sensors, Balancing, Biofeedback, Gait analysis, Quality control, Wearable technology, Force sensor, Inertial motions, Real time, Sensory augmentations, ambulatory monitoring, body equilibrium, falling, gait, human, motion, physiology, prevention and control, Accidental Falls, Biofeedback, Psychology, Humans, Monitoring, Ambulatory, Postural Balance
National Category
Occupational Therapy Orthopaedics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42471DOI: 10.3390/s16040434ISI: 000375153700014PubMedID: 27023558Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84961590367OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-42471DiVA, id: diva2:1276491
Available from: 2019-01-08 Created: 2019-01-08 Last updated: 2019-02-28Bibliographically approved

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Ma, Christina Zong-Hao

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