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A comparison of orofacial profiles in 5- and 10-year-old Swedish children with and without cleft lip and/or palate
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health. Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Jönköping, Sweden.
Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Maxillofacial Unit, Linköping University Hospital, Linköping, Sweden.
2018 (English)In: Clinical Oral Investigations, ISSN 1432-6981, E-ISSN 1436-3771Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to assess orofacial profiles in 5- and 10-year-old children with cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P) compared to controls and to estimate a possible association between orofacial dysfunction and caries frequency.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 133 children with CL/P (77 5-year-olds and 56 10-year-olds) and 308 controls (142 5-year-olds and 166 10-year-olds) were included in the study. Orofacial function was evaluated with Nordic Orofacial Test-Screening (NOT-S), and caries were scored according to the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS).

RESULTS: The total NOT-S score was higher in children with CL/P compared to controls (mean 3.2 vs 0.9, p < 0.001). The domains frequently scored in CL/P children were speech (82%), face at rest (72%), and facial expression (58%). There was a significantly positive correlation between NOT-S scores and caries frequency.

CONCLUSIONS: Children with CL/P have impaired orofacial function compared to controls. There seems to be a correlation between orofacial function and caries.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Impaired orofacial function seen in children with CL/P can be one of many risk factors for caries development, and it is suggested to be a part of caries risk assessment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
Caries, Children, Cleft lip and/or palate, NOT-S, Orofacial function
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42390DOI: 10.1007/s00784-018-2562-3PubMedID: 30014165Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85049928690OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-42390DiVA, id: diva2:1273688
Available from: 2018-12-21 Created: 2018-12-21 Last updated: 2019-01-23

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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Language
  • de-DE
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  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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