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There Goes the Neighborhood: How and Why Bohemians, Artists and Gays Affect Regional Housing Values
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4560-1905
(English)Manuscript (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

It is often conjectured that artistic, bohemian, and gay populations increase housing values in the neighborhoods and communities in which they reside. But these groups are small, and the evidence of their effect on housing prices is anecdotal and limited. We argue that artists, bohemians and gays affect housing values through two kinds of mechanisms: an aesthetic-amenity premium; and a tolerance or open culturepremium. To examine this, we introduce a combined measure of bohemian and gay populations – the Bohemian-Gay Index. We conduct statistical analyses to test the performance of this measure against other variables expected to affect housing values– income, wages, technology, and human capital. The findings indicate that the Bohemian-Gay Index has a substantial direct relation with housing values across all permutations of the model and across all region sizes. It remains positive andsignificant alongside variables for regional income, wages, technology, and human capital. The Bohemian-Gay Index also has a substantial direct correlation with other key variables, particularly income, indicating an additional indirect effect on housing values.

Keyword
Housing, human capital, creative class, income, gay, artistic, bohemian
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-6869OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-6869DiVA: diva2:127251
Available from: 2008-12-04 Created: 2008-12-03 Last updated: 2015-11-10Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. The Wealth of Urban Regions: On the Location of Creative Individuals and Firms
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Wealth of Urban Regions: On the Location of Creative Individuals and Firms
2008 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This doctoral thesis consists of four individual chapters and an introduction to the thesis. The common feature of the four separate chapters is their focus on the location patterns of creative individuals and firms, the inter-relation between those actors and the regional development and how those actors in the end shape the wealth of urban regions.

The first chapter deals with what happens after a new technology is introduced with a focus on the geographical location and distribution.  The assumption is that new, non-standardized techniques frequently are initiated and promoted in large urban regions. In order to leave space for new activities, standardized and maturing techniques must gradually be moved to medium and small sized regions.

The second chapter analyzes the occupational distribution within Swedish industries, on the basis of characteristics of the individuals they employ. This chapter focuses especially on how to best identify so-called creative industries. It also examines the location patterns of the different types of industries.

The third chapter focuses on the role of different types of talent, as well as on factors that shape the distribution of talent across regions. A main theme is the role of universities, tolerance and service diversity. The chapter also examines the economic effect from those factors in combination with talent and technology.

The last essay investigates the relationship between tolerance and openness on one hand, and regional housing values on the other. It argues that artists, bohemians and gays affect housing values through two kinds of mechanisms: an aesthetic-amenity premium and a tolerance or open culture premium.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: Jönköping International Business School, 2008. 184 p.
Series
JIBS Dissertation Series, ISSN 1403-0470 ; 53
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-6690 (URN)91-89164-92-X (ISBN)
Public defence
2008-11-14, B1014, Sparbanksaulan, JIBS, Jönköping, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2008-12-04 Created: 2008-11-05 Last updated: 2015-11-10Bibliographically approved

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Mellander, Charlotta

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Output format
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