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The distribution of 'sense of coherence' and oral health among Swedish adults: an epidemiological study
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
2008 (English)In: Scientific conference On the occation of the 45th Foundation Anniversary cermony, DaNang, Vietnam, 2008Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Objective: Antonovsky´s concept ‘Sense of coherence’ (SOC) has shown to be related with health, and a person with high level of SOC has an adaptive health behavior. The aim was to investigate the individual distribution regarding ‘Sense of coherence’ and oral health in an adult population. Method: A random sample of 589 individuals from Jönköping, Sweden, aged 20,30,40,50,60,70 and 80 years old, was used. Clinical and radio graphical examinations were performed and a questionnaire measuring attitudes, knowledge of oral health and SOC (13-items) was included. Total SOC score and the three components; comprehensibility, manageability and meaningfulness which SOC is built upon was analyzed. Results: A total of 526 individuals participated in the study, 263 men and 263 women. The individual SOC showed an increase with age, and the youngest group (20-year-olds) had a significantly lower SOC compared to the other age groups. Elderly men had a significantly higher SOC compared to women in the same age (60 and 70 age groups). Analysing the three components, comprehensibility has significantly lower mean, compared to manageability and meaningfulness for the 20-year-olds. When divided SOC score in low (<66 points) and high (>76 points) SOC score, 55% among 20-years-old had low SOC score compared to 18% for 80-years-old. Preliminary results showed that individuals with high SOC score had significant more number of decayed and filled surfaces (DFS) compared to individuals with low SOC. Conclusion: The distribution of SOC score differed regarding age and gender. Younger people had a lower SOC score compared to elderly age groups. A clear association was found between SOC scores and oral health measured by number of DFS.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008.
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-6827OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-6827DiVA: diva2:126462
Available from: 2008-11-17 Created: 2008-11-17 Last updated: 2010-01-25Bibliographically approved

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  • apa
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