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TILLVÄGAGÅNGSSÄTT VID INDUSTRIELLA INVESTERINGAR FÖR ATT NÅ HÖG TILLGÄNLIGHET I SMÅ- OCH MEDELSTORA FÖRETAG
Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
PROCEDURE FOR INDUSTRIAL INVESTMENTS TO REACH HIGH AVAILABILITY FOR SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED ENTERPRISES (English)
Abstract [sv]

AGES Hörle är ett industriföretag som tillverkar och bearbetar metallprodukter mot bland annat fordonsindustrin. Företaget i fråga och industrin i sin helhet, går idag på högvarv till följd av den rådande högkonjunkturen. Detta har bidragit till att mängden investeringar inom industrin ligger på rekordnivåer. Emellertid har många av de mindre företagen ännu inte hunnit utveckla något standardiserat tillvägagångssätt vid investeringarna, samtidigt som de via investeringarna måste öka kapaciteten för att möta den stora efterfrågan. Fortsättningsvis uppkommer svårigheter när investeringarnas nytta skall beräknas, då det finns en mängd indirekta faktorer som kan ha kraftig påverkan på en investerings lönsamhet. 

Syftet med detta arbete är att utreda vilka faktorer som påverkar utfallet i en industriell investering, samt undersöka hur en standardiserad procedur vid en investeringsanalys kan se ut. Genom att studera redan existerande litteratur och teorier undersöktes vilka faktorer som har en påverkan, samt deras individuella betydelse på en investering inom tillverkningsindustrin. Fallstudien på AGES Hörle bestod av inhämtning av data, interjuver samt observation, som tillsammans bidrog med att ge en konkret bild av hur en investeringsprocess kan gå till inom tillverkningsindustrin.

Resultatet av arbetet fastslår att företag som står inför en investering, noga bör utreda vilka faktorer som kommer påverkas av den tänkta investeringen, då det kan skilja sig från fall till fall. Därtill framkommer att ett företags konkurrensfaktorer har en betydande påverkan av den tänkta investeringen. Slutligen framkommer det att en investeringsprocess bör standardiseras i största möjliga grad, för att på så sätt göra investeringens utfall oberoende av vem projektledaren är, samt minimera risken att mänskliga faktorn påverkar utfallet på ett negativt sätt.

Abstract [en]

AGES Hörle is an industrial company which machine and process metal products, mainly focused towards the automotive industry. The company itself, and the manufacturing industry as a whole, are working at maximum capacity due to the recent years upsurge in the worldwide economy. This has resulted in an increased amount of money being spent on investments within the manufacturing industry, which now is reaching all-time high levels. Many smaller companies however, have not yet had time to develop standardized routines to ensue during these investments, even though investments to increase their capacity being urgently needed. Furthermore, are difficulties being experienced when the profitability of an investment is to be calculated, since there are many factors that implicit affect an investment, which not always are apparent in the first place.

The purpose of this study is to investigate what factors influence the effectiveness of an investment, mainly focused on the manufacturing industry. Furthermore, the format of a standardized investment procedure is to be investigated and developed. By examination of already existing literature and theories, the factors which affect the efficiency of an industrial investment were discovered. A case study at AGES Hörle was performed to gain a deeper insight in how an investment procedure can be performed. The case study involved several different phases of information gathering, such as interviews, observation and examination of already existing investment procedures.

The result of this study concludes that companies which are to invest in their production, carefully should investigate what factors that will be affected by the proposed investment. This is since the factors which will be affected, may differ a lot between different investments. Furthermore, the study reveals that a company’s competition factors are majorly affected by the investments made in production. Lastly, it is concluded that an investment procedure ought to be standardized to the highest possible degree. Thus, reducing the risk of human error and minimizing the individual leeway, which otherwise might cause biased influence on the outcome of a planned investment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 46
Keywords [en]
OEE, AVAILABILITY, QUALITY, MANUFACTURING, INVESTMENTS, PAYBACK
Keywords [sv]
OEE, TILLGÄNGLIGHET, KVALITET, TILLVERKNING, PRODUKTIONSINVESTERINGAR, PRODUKTION, INVESETERING
National Category
Reliability and Maintenance
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41955ISRN: JU-JTH-MTA-1-20180165OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-41955DiVA, id: diva2:1260123
External cooperation
Ages Hörle AB
Subject / course
JTH, Mechanical Engineering
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-11-01 Created: 2018-11-01 Last updated: 2018-11-01Bibliographically approved

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