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Lagerdesignens effekt på orderplockprocessen: En nulägeskartläggning på en distributionscentral för motiv till förbättringsåtgärder som ökar effektiviteten i plockflödet
Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The design of the warehouse layout impact on the order picking process (English)
Abstract [en]

Purpose – The purpose of the study is to identify a distribution center's deficiencies in the warehouse layout and article placement to enable streamlining in the order picking process. 

In order to enable a response to the purpose, the following three questions have been formulated:

1. What problems may occur in the warehouse layout of a distribution center that affects the effectiveness of the order picking process?

2. What problems may occur in the article placement at a distribution center that affects the effectiveness of the order picking process?

3. What improvements can be made to the warehouse layout and article placement at a distribution center to streamline the order picking process?

Method – In order to define the problem area, a pilot study was conducted at a distribution center, which formed the purpose and questions of the study. To enable its answer, a case study and literature review has been conducted as methods. The case study consisted of observations, surveys, document studies and benchmarking to generate empirical data to the study. Literature review has been designed to create a theoretical framework around warehouse layout and article placement effect on the order picking process. The data collected has then been analyzed and discussed to enable improvement proposals.

Findings – Several problems have been identified in the warehouse layout and article placement that directly impact the order picking process. In order to prevent and change these problems, understanding the complexity of warehouse building is required. It is important to have a clear strategy for which articles that are considered most important to the company. A recommendation may be to place the most high-frequency products in connection with the packing station. Once the strategy is determined, the storage systems can be dimensioned and the route method set. When all these processes interact with each other, a more efficient order pick will occur, which will allow companies to reduce costly waste.

Implications – The authors have founded the study within a problem area where there already exist a lot of theories. Therefore the implication of the study consisted of highlighting a new point of view of the already existing theory of warehouse layout, article placement and order picking. The new point of view, therefore, can assist businesses to get a better discussion and understanding of how their warehouse layout and article placement should be designed, which may allow the study to affect the development of other companies.

Limitations – The limitations of the study consist of studying only one business as well as some lack of information. Should more businesses and respondents be presented within the study, more deficiencies could have been identified and the results had become more credible and generalizable. Some missing information has also affected the study. Within improvement measures, there was no access to some article information required in the ABC-analysis. Furthermore, poles were discovered in the warehouse layout that affected the formation of the improved warehouse layouts. The lack of information may therefore have affected the final result.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 57
Keywords [en]
Inventory, Warehouse layout, Article placement, Order picking, Lean production, Article classification, Distribution centre, ABC-classification, Material handling, Storage system
Keywords [sv]
Lager, Lagerlayout, Artikelplacering, Orderplock, Lean, Distributionslager, Artikelklassificering, ABC-klassificering, Materialhantering, Lagringsprinciper
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41525ISRN: JU-JTH-IGA-1-20180091OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-41525DiVA, id: diva2:1249909
External cooperation
Scandinavian Photo AB
Subject / course
JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-09-21 Created: 2018-09-20 Last updated: 2018-09-21Bibliographically approved

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