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Effekter av mindfulness på sjuksköterskor med stressymptom - En litteraturstudie
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Effects of Mindfulness in Nurses with Sympthoms of Stress - A literature review (Swedish)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund

Sjuksköterskor är utsatta för stress då de i yrket möter stressorer som ingår i arbetets natur. Mindfulness minskar stress utan farmakologiska läkemedel, och det finns flera interventionsmetoder som kan anpassas efter var grupps unika behov. Sjukvården behöver hitta metoder för att stärka sjuksköterskornas hälsa, då forskning visar att stressade sjuksköterskor utför vård av lägre säkerhet och kvalitet än sjuksköterskor med låg stressnivå. Dessutom orsakar de negativa konsekvenserna av stress stort lidande för sjuksköterskan och höga kostnader på individ-, arbetsgivar-, och samhällsnivå.

Syfte 

Syftet var att undersöka hur mindfulness påverkar sjuksköterskor med stressymptom.

Metod

Induktiv litteraturöversikt i vilken artiklar med kvantitativ metodik sammanställdes. Artiklar söktes i databaserna Cinahl och PsychArticles, analyserades enligt Fribergs femstegsmodell och sammanställdes i en tabell. 

Resultat

Artiklarna visade att mindfulness har statistiskt signifikant effekt oavsett interventionsmetod, om sjuksköterskorna får vägledning. Oönskade stressymptom minskade, och sjuksköterskornas KASAM ökade genom att symptom som ökar en individs förmåga att uppleva begriplighet, hanterbarhet och meningsfullhet ökade.

Slutsats

Mindfulness ökar KASAM och flera parametrar av hälsa hos sjuksköterskor med stressymptom, och kan hjälpa sjuksköterskor att hantera stressorer som är svåra eller omöjliga att eliminera i deras yrke.

Abstract [en]

Background

Nurses are under stress since, in their occupation, they deal with stressors which are parts of the workcontent. Mindfulness decreases stress without pharmacological drugs and there are several methods to practice mindfulness in, which may be adapted to the unique needs of each group. The healthcare need to find methods to strengthen the health of nurses, since research show nurses under stress perform care of lower safety and quality to the patients, than those unstressed. Besides, the negative consequences of stress cause great suffering for the nurse, and high costs at individual, employer and societal level. 

Aim

The aim was to examine how mindfulness affects nurses with stress symptoms. 

Method

An inductive literature review in which articles of quantitative design were compiled. Articles were searched for in the databases of Cinahl and PsychArticles, analyzed according to the Fivesteps-modell of Fribergs and compiled into a chart.  

Results 

The articles showed mindfulness has statistically significant effect regardless of method, if the nurses obtain guidance. Unwanted stress symptoms decreased, and the nurses´ KASAM increased by the increase of symptoms strengthening an individual´s ability to experience comprehensibility, manageability and meaningfulness. 

Conclusion

Mindfulness increases KASAM and several parameters of health for nurses suffering from stress sympthoms, and may help nurses to handle stressors which are difficult or impossible to eliminate in their occupation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 18
Keywords [en]
KASAM, mindfulness interventions, nurse and stress reduction.
Keywords [sv]
KASAM, mindfulness-interventioner, sjuksköterska och stressreducering.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41385ISRN: JU-HHJ-OMA-1-20180386OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-41385DiVA, id: diva2:1246580
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-09-12 Created: 2018-09-08 Last updated: 2018-09-12Bibliographically approved

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