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Functional near-infrared spectroscopy for the study of attention in children with atypical development: A systematic literature review from 2009-2017
Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. (CHILD)
2018 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Although attention has been a topic in cognitive and developmental psychology since the mid- 20th century, much is still unknown with respect to the underlying neural differences in developmental attentional trajectories, including the link between differences observed at behavioural and neurophysiological levels. One relatively new emerging method of measuring atypical attention in children is functional near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). Previously, reviews of NIRS in child development have included a wide range of developmental functions, from language acquisition to facial processing and joint attention. However, no such review has focused on the use of NIRS solely for measuring attention. The purpose of this systematic review was to provide an up-to-date synthesis of the findings.  It investigated the evidence for functional differences in attention with a specific focus on the overlap between behavioural and NIRS measures, as well as the corresponding theoretical basis and behavioural implications. A search for peer-reviewed articles was carried out in multiple databases, with thirteen studies included in the analysis. Generally, NIRS shows preliminary evidence for differences in attention for certain attentional dimensions such as response inhibition, but more research is needed to confirm differences in other dimensions such as working memory or attentional control. Behavioural measures are not always reported and only occasionally mapped on to NIRS results. Few studies include a theoretical basis of attention or the behavioural implications of the findings. Limitations and implications for future research are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 55
Keywords [en]
attention, atypical development, neuroimaging
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-41107ISRN: JU-HLK-SBU-2-20180048OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-41107DiVA, id: diva2:1237247
Subject / course
HLK, Child Studies
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-08-09 Created: 2018-08-08 Last updated: 2018-08-09Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • asciidoc
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