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Oral hälsa hos individer med Parkinsons sjukdom: en litteraturöversikt
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
oral health in individuals with Parkinson's disease : A litterature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund:Parkinsons sjukdom är en neurodegenerativ sjukdom som kan begränsa människan och minska dess förmåga att fungera normalt i det vardagliga livet. Bland individer diagnostiserade med Parkinsons sjukdom finns risk att munhälsan blir dåligt prioriterad. Till följd av detta tilltar behovet av andra människors hjälp samt lämplig tandvård.    

Syfte: Beskriva kunskapsläget avseende Parkinsons sjukdoms inverkan på förekomst av parodontala sjukdomar, karies, hyposalivation och xerostomi.  

Metod: Följande studie är en litteraturöversikt. Databaserna DOSS, MEDLINE och Pubmed användes för att svara på studiens syfte. Relevanta sökord samt inklusion- och exklutionskriterier användes för att finna väsentliga vetenskapliga artiklar som svarade på syftet. De vetenskapliga artiklarna blev kvalitetsgranskade med hjälp av en modifierad kvalitetsgranskningsmall.  

Resultat:Totalt inkluderades 19 vetenskapliga artiklar. Resultatet visade att individer med Parkinsons sjukdom har mindre bra oral hälsa. Flera av dessa studier visade på hög förekomst av parodontala sjukdomar. Resultatet visade även på hög förekomst av karies, hyposalivation samt xerostomi hos dessa individer.     

Slutsats:  Individer med Parkinsons sjukdom löper större risk att drabbas av parodontala sjukdomar, karies, hyposalivation samt xerostomi. Dessa kan orsakas av olika faktorer så som medicinering, motoriska och icke-motoriska symtom samt sjukdomsdurationen.  

Abstract [en]

Bakground:Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disease that may limit humans and reduce their ability for normal function in their daily life. Among individuals diagnosed with Parkinson's disease, there is a risk that oral health will be poor and not prioritized. As a consequence, the need of assistance and dental care increases.   

Aim: Describe the state of knowledge concerning the impact of Parkinson's disease on the incidence of periodontal disease, caries,  hyposalivation and xerostomia.   

Method: The study design was a literature review. Scientific articles were searched in the databases DOSS, MEDLINE and Pubmed. Relevant keywords and inclusion and exclusion criteria were used to find essential scientific articles.  The scientific articles were quality reviewed using a modified quality review template.  

Results: AA total of 19 scientific articles were included. The result showed that individuals with Parkinson’s disease have poor oral health. Several of these studies showed high prevalence of periodontal disease. The result also showed a high prevalence of caries, hyposalivation and xerostomia in these individuals. 

Conclusion: Individuals diagnosed with Parkinson's disease have an increased risk to develop periodontal diseases, caries, hyposalivation and xerostomia.  These can be caused by different factors, medication, motor and non-motor symptoms and the disease duration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 24
Keywords [en]
dental care, oral diseases, Parkinson's disease, saliva
Keywords [sv]
Orala sjukdomar, Parkinsons sjukdom, tandvård, saliv
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-40757ISRN: JU-HHJ-OHA-1-20180052OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-40757DiVA, id: diva2:1223013
Subject / course
HHJ, Oral Health Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-27 Created: 2018-06-24 Last updated: 2018-06-27Bibliographically approved

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