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Ensamboende äldres uppfattning om aktivitetsbalans: En intervjustudie.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Elderly people who live alone and their perspective on occupational balance : An interview study. (English)
Abstract [sv]

Att åldras innebär flera förändringar i en persons liv. Nedsatt fysisk förmåga och pension kan påverka vilka aktiviteter en person utför och kapaciteten att utföra dem. Syftet med examensarbetet var att beskriva hur ensamboende i åldersgruppen 75 - 84 år uppfattar sin aktivitetsbalans. Metoden som valdes var en kvalitativ induktiv ansats. Nio deltagare rekryterades genom ett snöbollsurval i södra Sverige och data samlades in genom semistrukturerade intervjuer. Intervjuerna analyserades enligt kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultatet kom fram till tre huvudkategorier: Uppfattning om olika aktivitetskategorier,förändringar som påverkar aktivitetsutförandet och faktorer som påverkar aktivitetsmönstret. Dessa huvudkategorier omfattades av tio underkategorier. Resultatet visade att de flesta informanter var nöjda med sin aktivitetsbalans men hade fått anpassa vissa aktiviteter på grund av nedsatt fysisk förmåga. Det framkom även att sociala aktiviteter var de som värderades högst och samt att informanterna valde att acceptera att åldrandet innebar förändringar i aktivitetsutförandet. Slutsatsen författarna kom fram till var att sociala aktiviteter var de viktigaste aktiviteterna för att upprätthålla en tillfredställande aktivitetsbalans.

Abstract [en]

The process of aging means several changes in a person's life. Decreased physical capacity and retirement can affect what kind of activities that are performed and the capacity to perform them. The purpose of this paper was to describe how people in the age-category of 75-84 experiences their occupational balance. The method chosen was a qualitative inductive approach. Nine participants were recruited through a snowball selection in southern Sweden. The data was collected through structured interviews. The interviews were analyzed through qualitative content analysis. The result found three main categories: views of different categories of activitychanges that affect performance of activity and factors that affect the activity pattern. These main categories were comprised of nine sub-categories. The result showed that most of the participants were satisfied with their occupational balance but had to adapt certain activities because of decreased physical capacity. It also emerged that social activities were the most valued and that the participants to a large degree accepted that ageing meant changes in performance of activity. The conclusion the authors came to was that social activities was the most important activity for maintaining a satisfying occupational balance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
Activity pattern, occupational therapy, qualitative method
Keywords [sv]
Aktivitetsmönster, arbetsterapi, kvalitativ metod
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-40600ISRN: JU-HHJ-ATA-1-20180105OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-40600DiVA, id: diva2:1221200
Subject / course
HHJ, Occupational Therapy
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-20 Created: 2018-06-19 Last updated: 2018-06-20Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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