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Sensorisk integrationsåtgärd i form av ett sinnesrum för barn med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning, ADHD och/eller autism: En översiktlig litteraturstudie/ “Scoping Review”
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Sensory integration intervention as a Multisensory room for children with intellectual disabilities, ADHD and/or autism : A Scoping review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Barn med diagnosen intellektuell funktionsnedsättning, ADHD och autism kan uppleva en minskad delaktighet i sociala relationer och i samhället. Dessa diagnoser kan medföra symtom som kan ha en negativ påverkan på utförandet i vardagliga aktiviteter. Studier visar att ett symtom som påverkar aktivitetsutförandet hos dessa barn är den sensoriska bearbetningen av stimuli i barnets omgivning. Syftet med detta examensarbete var att beskriva hur sinnesrum kan användas som åtgärd hos barn med intellektuella funktionsnedsättningar, ADHD och/eller autism för ökad delaktighet i deras aktivitetsutförande. Examensarbetet var en Scoping Review där 20 artiklar och kapitel från en bok har inkluderats. Inklusionskriterier för artiklarna var studier om barn upp till 18 år, diagnostiserade med ADHD och autism samt användning av sinnesrum och sensorisk bearbetning vid ADHD och autism. Artiklarna skulle antingen vara kvantitativa-, kvalitativa- eller systematiska litteraturstudier. I de systematiska litteraturstudierna granskades dess referenslistor för att utesluta att en artikel inte redan blivit granskad. Artiklarna skulle vara skrivna på svenska eller engelska publicerade mellan 2005 och maj 2018, finnas tillgängliga i fulltext samt vara peer reviewed. Resultatet beskriver hur sinnesrum kan användas som en sensorisk integrationsåtgärd för examensarbetets målgrupp och dess effekter samt hur sinnesrummet erbjuder olika slags stimuli som ska tillfredsställa barnets sensoriska behov, vilket kan bidra till en positiv effekt genom ökat aktivitetsutförande och delaktighet. Slutsatsen är att sinnesrum är en sensorisk integrationsåtgärd som kan användas som åtgärd av arbetsterapeuter och kan erbjudas till barn med ADHD och autism som ger positiva effekter på deras delaktighet i aktivitetsutförandet.

Abstract [en]

Children diagnosed with intellectual disability, ADHD och autism may experience that they have a reduced participation in their social network and the community. These diagnoses have symptoms that may have negative impact on the performance in the daily activities. According to studies, one of the symptoms that has an impact on the occupational performance for these children is the sensory processing of the stimuli in the child’s environment. The purpose of this bachelor thesis was to describe how a multisensory room can be used as an intervention for children with intellectual disabilities, ADHD and/or autism to increase participation. The bachelor thesis was a Scoping Review where 20 articles and chapters from a book was included. Inclusion criteria for the articles was studies about children to the age of 18 years, diagnosed with ADHD and/-or autism, use of a multisensory room and sensory processing in children with ADHD and autism. The articles could be a quantitative-, qualitative-, or systematic review studies. The reference lists of the systematic reviews studies were reviewed to exclude that an article wasn't already reviewed. The articles would be written in Swedish or English, published between 2005 and May 2018, would be available in full text and peer reviewed, The results describes how a multisensory room can be used as an intervention for the population of the bachelor thesis, the effects and how the multisensory room offers different stimuli that can satisfy the child’s sensory needs. This can contribute to a positive effect by increasing the occupational performance and participation. The conclusion is that occupational therapists can use multisensory rooms as an intervention and it can be offered to children with ADHD and autism and it shows a positive effect on their participation in their occupational performance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 39
Keywords [en]
environmental factors, occupational performance, occupational therapy, participation, sensory integration interventions, Snoezelen
Keywords [sv]
aktivitetsutförande, arbetsterapi, delaktighet, omgivningsfaktorer, sensoriska integrationsåtgärder, Snoezelen
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-40596ISRN: JU-HHJ-ATA-1-20180108OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-40596DiVA, id: diva2:1221195
Subject / course
HHJ, Occupational Therapy
Presentation
, Jönköping (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-20 Created: 2018-06-19 Last updated: 2018-06-20Bibliographically approved

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fulltext(1181 kB)13 downloads
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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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