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Kulturell kompetens inom barnhälsovården: Sjuksköterskors beskrivning av sin kulturella kompetens
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Cultural competence in primary child health care services : Nurses descriptions of their cultural competence (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: I Sverige har andel barn med utländsk bakgrund ökat inom barnhälsovården och studier visar att dessa barn löper större risk att drabbas av ohälsa. Detta leder till ökade krav på kulturell kompetens hos barnhälsovårdspersonal för att kunna möta familjer med utländsk bakgrund på bästa sätt. Syfte: Syftet var att belysa sjuksköterskors beskrivningar av sin kulturella kompetens i mötet med barn och familjer med utländsk bakgrund inom barnhälsovården. Metod: Studien har en kvalitativ design och 12 sjuksköterskor inom barnhälsovården intervjuades. Materialet analyserades med en deduktiv innehållsanalys baserad på Campinha-Bacotes modell (2002) om kulturell kompetens inom hälso- och sjukvården. Resultat: Sjuksköterskor erhåller mestadels kulturell kompetens genom erfarenhet och önskar att utveckla denna kompetens. Det finns en osäkerhet i att bedöma barns utveckling och hälsa på grund av språkbarriärer och kulturella skillnader samt oro för att avvikelser i språk och utveckling upptäcks senare. Riktlinjer om kulturella aspekten saknades till stor del, och det fanns även en omedvetenhet bland sjuksköterskor om den kulturella aspekten i de riktlinjer som redan finns. Slutsats: För att ge jämlik hälsovård till alla barn behövs klara riktlinjer och mer utbildning för ökad kulturell kompetens.

Abstract [en]

Background: Children with a foreign background have increased in the Swedish primary child health care services. Previous studies show that there are health differences among these groups. This requires an increased cultural competence, to best meet the needs of these families. Aim: The aim is to elucidate nurses’ descriptions of cultural competence, when encountering families with a foreign background in primary child health care services. Method: The study has a qualitative design and twelve nurses in the field of child health care were interviewed. The material was analyzed with a deductive content analysis based on the Campinha-Bacote (2002) model of cultural competence in health care. Findings: Nurses receives most cultural competence through experience and wishes to develop this competence. There is an uncertainty in assessing children's development and health due to language barriers and cultural differences as well as concerns that language and developmental deviations are discovered later. Guidelines on cultural aspect were lacking, and there was unawareness among nurses about the cultural aspect of the guidelines already in place. Conclusion: Equal health care for all children requires clear guidelines and more education for increased cultural competence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 32
Keywords [en]
Primary child health care services, cultural competence, Campinha-Bacote, nursing
Keywords [sv]
Barnhälsovård, kulturell kompetens, Campinha-Bacote, omvårdnad
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-40183ISRN: JU-HHJ-OMA-2-20180380OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-40183DiVA, id: diva2:1217250
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-18 Created: 2018-06-12 Last updated: 2018-06-18Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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