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Sena komplikationer efter percutan transluminal angioplastik i nedre extremiteter: En litteraturstudie
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Late Complications of Percutaneous Transluminal Angiplasty in the Lower Extremities : A Literature Study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Percutan transluminal angioplastik (PTA) är ett ingrepp som syftar till att behandla patienter med besvär orsakade av ateroskleros med förträngningar i artärer. PTA går ut på att vidga kärlets diameter och ibland sätts en stent in i kärlet för att behålla öppenheten. Som röntgensjuksköterska ingår möten med patienter som genomgår PTA före, under och efter ingreppet. Syfte: Litteraturstudiens syfte är att belysa de vanligaste sena komplikationerna som kan uppstå vid PTA. Metod: Det här arbetet är en systematisk litteraturstudie. Inklusionskriterierna var vetenskapliga artiklar skriva mellan 2007 till 2018. Artiklarna var peer-reviewed och etiskt granskade. Databaserna CINAHL och MEDLINE användes vid sökningen. Relevans bedömdes med Critical Appraisal Skills Programme. Resultat: 20 vetenskapliga artiklar inkluderades i studien, samtliga visar på restenos. Stentfraktur förekom i 5 av 20 studier och amputation i 14 av 20 studier. Slutsats: Slutsatsen är att restenos är den vanligaste sena komplikationen oavsett om stent har använts eller inte i samband med PTA av nedre extremiteter. Om stent används finns risken för stentfraktur. Dock är denna risk inte lika stor som risken för restenos. Fortsatt forskning kring läkemedelstäckta ballonger och stentar behövs då det i dagsläget tyder på att färre antal patienter drabbas av restenos vid användandet av dessa.

Abstract [en]

Background: The purpose of percutanous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) is to treat patients with symptoms and discomfort because of stenosis and occlusions in the arteries caused by atherosclerosis. This is done by dilatation of the vessel diameter and sometimes placing a stent to maintain the patency of the artery. Working as a radiographer includes meeting patients before, during and after PTA. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to illustrate the most common late complications that can occur after PTA. Method: This is a systematic literature study. The inclusion criteria for the articles were to follow a scientific structure, they had to be published between 2007 and 2018 and they had to be peer-reviewed and ethically reviewed. The databases used in this study were CINAHL and MEDLINE. Critical Appraisal Skills Programme was used. Result: 20 scientific articles were included in this study. All of them reported restenosis. Stent fractures occurred in 5 of 20 studies and amputation occurred in 14 of 20 studies. Conclusion: Restenosis was the most common late complication of PTA both with and without stent placement. More research is needed using drug-coated balloons and drug-coated stents to see if there are any beneficial effects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 35
Keywords [en]
arteria femoropoplitea, Paclitaxel, PTA, restenosis, stent
Keywords [sv]
arteria femoropoplitea, Paclitaxel, PTA, restenos, stent
National Category
Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-40113ISRN: JU-HHJ-RAD-1-20180027OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-40113DiVA, id: diva2:1216497
Subject / course
HHJ, Radiography
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-15 Created: 2018-06-11 Last updated: 2018-06-15Bibliographically approved

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