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Kvinnliga fotbollsspelares upplevelser av hur elitsatsningen påverkar deras aktivitetsbalans och välbefinnande: En kvalitativ studie
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Female football players experience of how their elite efforts affect occupational balance and well-being : A qualitative study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Att kunna hantera stress, skador, förväntningar och krav är viktigt i en elitsatsande fotbollsspelares vardag. Kvinnliga fotbollsspelare har i större utsträckning en annan utmaning i att behöva kombinera sin elitsatsning med annan sysselsättning, jämfört med manliga fotbollsspelare. Syftet med detta examensarbete var att beskriva hur kvinnliga fotbollsspelare upplever att elitsatsningen påverkat deras aktivitetsbalans och välbefinnande. Det användes en kvalitativ studiedesign med semistrukturerade intervjuer. Urvalet gjordes genom ett bekvämlighetsurval och en kvalitativ innehållsanalys användes vid databearbetningen. Resultatet visade att kvinnliga elitsatsande fotbollsspelare hade en fullspäckad vardag som krävde planering och struktur för att främja aktivitetsbalans. Vardagen bestod av tydliga rutiner och vanor med arbete/studier följt av träning. Det krävdes annan sysselsättning jämsides med sin elitsatsning för att få ihop det ekonomiskt. Informanterna gjorde en medveten satsning där vila, sömn och träning prioriterades. Uppoffringar var en del av det dagliga livet där familj och vänner ofta blev bortprioriterade. Elitsatsningen innebar höga krav och förväntningar vilket påverkade välbefinnandet både positivt och negativt. Slutsatser var att det fanns faktorer i en kvinnlig elitsatsande fotbollsspelares vardag som påverkade deras aktivitetsbalans och välbefinnande. Detta examensarbete var en första inblick i problemområdet men ytterligare forskning krävs. 

Abstract [en]

Being able to handle stress, injury, expectations and demands is important in the everyday life of an elite football player. Female football players have a greater challenge to combine their elite efforts with other employment, compared with male football players. The purpose of this study was to describe female football players’ experiences of how their elite efforts affect occupational balance and well-being. A qualitative study design with semi-structured interviews was used. Data selection was made by convenience sampling. Data was analysed with a qualitative content analysis. The results showed that elite female football players’ had a demanding everyday life that required planning and structure to promote occupational balance. Their everyday life consisted of clear routines and habits for work/ studies and football practice. It was necessary for the players to have another occupation in addition to their elite efforts, to manage financially. The informants made a conscious effort to prioritize rest, sleep and practice. Sacrifices were part of the daily life where family and friends often became less of a priority. The elite efforts meant high demands and expectations, which affected well-being both negatively and positively. The conclusion was that everyday life of a female elite football player consisted of factors that influenced their occupational balance and well-being. This study was an insight into this problem area but further research is required.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 22
Keywords [en]
activity patterns, elite athletes, health, occupational therapy
Keywords [sv]
aktivitetsmönster, arbetsterapi, elitidrott, hälsa
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-40110ISRN: JU-HHJ-ATA-1-20180095OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-40110DiVA, id: diva2:1216472
Subject / course
HHJ, Occupational Therapy
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-13 Created: 2018-06-11 Last updated: 2018-06-15Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • Other style
More styles
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  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • asciidoc
  • rtf