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Metoder som arbetsterapeuter kan använda för att minska utmanande beteende: En scoping review
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Methods which can be used by occupational therapists to reduce challenging behaviour : A scoping review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Utmanande beteende kan ofta innebära aktivitetsinskränkningar för individer som lider av beteendet men även för omgivningen. Detta innebär färre möjligheter till aktivitet och delaktighet och riskerar att gå ut över livskvalitén. Idag saknas ett fokus för att utveckla arbetsterapeutiska metoder inom området och forskningen som finns är begränsad. Syftet med examensarbetet var att visa vilka arbetsterapeutiska metoder som beskrivs i litteraturen för att minska utmanande beteende. Studiedesignen som användes var scoping review. Databaserna som användes var AMED, CINAHL, MEDLINE och PsycINFO. Inklusionskriterier för artiklarna var att de var tillgängliga i fulltext, skrivna på engelska och publicerade mellan 2003 och 2018. Sökning resulterade i 124 träffar varav 13 var dubbletter. Resultatet inkluderade 20 artiklar som motsvarade syftet varav 13 var publicerade i USA. Resultatet visade en stor bredd av metoder som delades in i fyra nyckelområden: aktivitetsbaserade metoder, miljöbaserade metoder, sensoriska metoder samt stöd och strategier. Detta är ett relativt outforskat område där det finns stora möjligheter för arbetsterapeuter att bidra med sin kompetens.

Abstract [en]

Challenging behaviour often results in occupational limitations for the individual that suffer from the behaviour, but also for their surroundings. This entails reduced possibilities to activity and participation which will affect their quality of life. There is a lack of focus on developing occupational therapeutic methods within this area today, also the current research within the field is limited. The aim of this bachelor thesis was to explore occupational therapeutic methods described in the literature to reduce challenging behaviour. Scoping review was used as study design. In AMED, CINAHL, MEDLINE and Psycinfo were 124 articles found, 13 of these were doublets. The result included 20 articles corresponding to the aim, 13 of these were published in USA. and 20 articles which corresponded to the aim was included in the results. All included articles were available in full text, written in english and published between 2003- 2018. A wide range of methods were shown in the results. These were categorized into four key issues: activity based methods, environmental methods, sensory methods and support and strategies. This field is relatively unexplored and there are large possibilities for occupational therapists to contribute with competence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
activity limitation, intervention, preventative measures, problem behaviour, strategies and support
Keywords [sv]
aktivitetsinskränkning, förebyggande arbete, intervention, strategier och stöd, utåtagerande beteende
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-40071ISRN: JU-HHJ-ATA-1-20180096OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-40071DiVA, id: diva2:1215974
Subject / course
HHJ, Occupational Therapy
Presentation
Jönköping University (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-13 Created: 2018-06-10 Last updated: 2018-06-13Bibliographically approved

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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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