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Aktivitetsbalans och stress hos högskolestudenter vid ett lärosäte i södra Sverige: En Tvärsnittsstudie
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Syftet med studien var att studera aktivitetsbalans och stress samt att studera relationen dem emellan. Metod: Respondenter värvades genom olika Facebookgrupper samt på författarnas Facebooksidor. Åttiofem enkäter skickades ut via Messenger och 66 enkäter med fullständiga data inkom. Respondenterna med fullständiga data var i olika åldersgrupper från 16 till 60 år. Enkäten innehöll sociodemografiska frågor, instrumenten OBQ 11 samt PSS-10. OBQ 11 mäter subjektiv aktivitetsbalans och PSS-10 mäter upplevd stress. Data bearbetades genom statistikprogrammet SPSS. Ett korrelationstest genomfördes för att analysera sambandet mellan OBQ 11 och PSS-10. För att jämföra de sociodemografiska grupperna genomfördes ett Mann-Whitney U-test. Resultat: En statistiskt signifikant negativ korrelation fanns mellan OBQ 11 och PSS-10, vilket visar på samband mellan aktivitetsbalans och stress. Fördelningen blev ojämn inom de sociodemografiska variablerna: kön samt om respondenterna hade barn eller ej och därför har ingen jämförelse mellan grupperna varit aktuell. Ingen signifikant korrelation fanns mellan de sociodemografiska grupperna och OBQ 11 eller PSS-10, men några mindre skillnader framkom. De som arbetar vid sidan av studierna skattade lägre aktivitetsbalans och stress än de som inte arbetade. Singlar skattade en högre aktivitetsbalans och en lägre stress än de som var i ett förhållande. Slutsats: Även om studiens resultat bör tolkas med försiktighet på grund av ett litet urval visar studien på en trend mot att det finns ett samband mellan aktivitetsbalans och stress. Studien kan därmed ligga till grund för kommande forskning.  

Abstract [en]

Occupational balance and stress among college students at a university in southern Sweden. - A cross-sectional study.  Aim: The aim was to study occupational balance and stress as well as the relationship between them. Method: Respondents were recruited through different Facebook-pages and through the authors Facebook-page. Eighty-five questionnaires were sent through Messenger and of those, 66 questionnaires with a full data set were included. The respondents with a full dataset were in the ages 16 - 60 years old. The questionnaire consisted of sociodemographic questions, OBQ 11 and PSS-10. OBQ 11 measures subjective occupational balance whereas PSS-10 measures perceived stress. The data was analyzed using the statistical program SPSS. A correlation-test was done to analyze the correlation between OBQ 11 and PSS-10. To compare the sociodemographic variables, a Mann - Whitney U Test was performed. Results: There was a statistically significant negative correlation between OBQ 11 and PSS-10, which supports the correlation between occupational balance and perceived stress. The distribution of the sociodemographic variables: gender and if the respondents had a child or not was erratical and therefore no comparison between them was performed. There was no significant correlation between the sociodemographic variables, however there were some small differences which could be identified. A lower occupational balance and a lower level of stress was identified in those who combined studies with work, compared to those who did not work. Further, those who were single experienced a higher occupational balance and a lower level of stress than those who were in a relationship. Conclusion: Although the results of the study are to be interpreted with caution due to the small sample size, it points to trends towards a correlation between occupational balance and stress. The study may therefore be used as a stepping-stone for future research.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 23
Keywords [en]
Activity, Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ), Occupational therapy, Perceived Stress Scale (PSS).
Keywords [sv]
Aktivitet, Arbetsterapi, Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS).
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-40046ISRN: JU-HHJ-ATA-1-20180101OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-40046DiVA, id: diva2:1215803
Subject / course
HHJ, Occupational Therapy
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Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-20 Created: 2018-06-09 Last updated: 2018-06-20Bibliographically approved

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