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Hur orkar ni?: Copingstrategier hos sjuksköterskan på akutmottagningen
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

 

Sjuksköterskor som jobbar på akutmottagningen kan vid tillfällen vara exponerade för stressfulla situationer och oförutsedda händelser. Som en konsekvens av detta är utbrändhet och emotionell trötthet vanligt bland personal inom akutsjukvården. Syftet med litteraturöversikten var att identifiera copingstrategier hos sjuksköterskan efter traumatiska omvårdnadsmöten på akutmottagningen. Metoden som användes var litteraturöversikt med en deduktiv ansats. Resultatet presenterades i tre kategorier, problemfokuserad, emotionellfokuserad och undvikande coping, med hjälp av en teoretisk ram konstruerad utifrån Folkmans (1984) och Lazarus (1993) teorier om coping. Den vanligaste copingstrategin som sjuksköterskan på akutmottagningen använde sig av efter ett traumatiskt omvårdnadsmöte var problemfokuserad coping. Problemfokuserad coping visar att sjuksköterskan försöker lösa problemet och ändra situationen. Emotionell coping kan leda till en positiv omvärdering men framstod också som negativ. Den minst använda var den undvikande copingstrategin. Den undvikande copingstrategin användes för att undvika personligt lidande och kan leda till att problem inte blir lösta och därmed ökad stress. Slutsatsen var att sjuksköterskan på akutmottagningen använder sig av olika copingstrategier efter ett traumatiskt omvårdnadsmöte på akutmottagningen. Den problemfokuserade copingstrategin visade sig vara den mest effektiva copingstrategin och innefattar bland annat socialt stöd från arbetsledning, kollegor, familj och vänner. Arbetsledningen har en viktig funktion att stödja sjuksköterskan på akutmottagningen.

 

 

Nyckelord: Akutsjukvård, stress, coping

Abstract [en]

Summary

 

How do you do it?

Copingstrategies by the nurse in the emergency department.

 

 

Nurses working at emergency services may at times be exposed to stressful situations and unforeseen events. As a consequence of confrontation with stressful situations, burnout and emotional fatigue are common among emergency medical professionals. The purpose of the literature review was to identify the nursing coping strategies after a traumatic meeting at the emergency department. The method used was a literature review with a deductive approach. The result was presented in three categories based on the theoretical framework of Folkman (1984) and Lazarus (1993). The most common coping strategy that the nurse at the emergency department used after a traumatic meeting was problem-focused coping. The least used was the avoidance coping strategy. Problem-focused coping shows that the nurse is trying to solve the problem and change the situation. Emotional coping can lead to a positive revaluation but also emerged as a negative. The avoidance coping strategy was used to avoid personal suffering and can lead to problems not being resolved and thus increased stress. The conclusion was that the nurse at the emergency department uses different coping strategies after a traumatic meeting at the emergency department. The problem-focused coping strategy proved to be the most effective coping strategy, including social support from work management, colleagues, family and friends. The management team has an important function to support the nurse at emergency department.

 

Keywords: Emergency nursing, stress, coping

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 20
Keywords [en]
Emergency nursing, stress, coping
Keywords [sv]
Akutsjukvård, stress, coping
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-40011ISRN: JU-HHJ-OMA-1-20180346OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-40011DiVA, id: diva2:1215167
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-11 Created: 2018-06-07 Last updated: 2018-06-11Bibliographically approved

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