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Stress och aktivitetsbalans bland lärare: En enkätundersökning
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Stress and occupational balance among teachers (English)
Abstract [sv]

Psykisk ohälsa ökar i samhället och de som arbetar inom kontaktyrken löper stor risk att utsättas för stress. Tre av tio lärare i förskoleklass, grundskolan och fritidshem har besvär relaterade till arbetet som i stor utsträckning är orsakad av stress. En individs aktivitetsbalans påverkar dennes hälsa och välbefinnande. Syftet var att beskriva lärares självskattade stress och aktivitetsbalans. Examensarbetet gjordes genom en kvantitativ tvärsnittsstudie med bakgrundsfrågor, frågor om stress och instrumentet Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ). Det var 57 respondenter som besvarade enkäten. Respondenterna skattade högre stress på arbetet än utanför arbetet. Respondenterna har en relativt låg aktivitetsbalans. Det finns ett signifikant negativt samband mellan stress och aktivitetsbalans. Det finns ingen signifikant skillnad mellan respondenterna med hemmaboende barn och utan hemmaboende barn, på variablerna stress på arbetet, stress utanför arbetet eller aktivitetsbalans. Arbetsterapeuter skulle kunna ge hälsofrämjande och förebyggande insatser till lärare, för att minska deras stress och bibehålla och förbättra deras aktivitetsbalans. Resultatet kan inte generaliseras då det är få respondenter, men det kan ligga till grund för vidare studier.

Abstract [en]

Mental illness increases in the society and those who works in contact professions have a high risk be exposed to stress. Three in ten preschool teachers, recreation instructors and compulsory school teachers have troubles related to the work, stress is a common cause. A person’s occupational balance influences health and well-being. The purpose was to describe self-rated stress and occupational balance among teachers and recreation instructors. A quantitative cross-sectional study which included demographic questions, questions about stress and the Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ). There was 57 participants. The participants self-rated higher stress at work than outside work. The participants had a low occupational balanced. It was a negative correlation between stress and occupational balanced. It was no significant difference between those living with or without children, on the variables stress at work, outside work or occupational balanced. Occupational therapists can provide health promotional and prevention measures to teachers and recreation instructors to decrease their stress, maintain and improve their occupational balance. The results can not be generalize because of a low number of participants, but it can be used for future studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 33
Keywords [en]
Living with children, Occupational Balanced Questionnaire (OBQ), Occupational therapy, Quantitative study
Keywords [sv]
Arbetsterapi, Hemmaboende barn, Kvantitativ studie, Occupational Balanced Questionnaire (OBQ)
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-39994ISRN: JU-HHJ-ATA-1-20180097OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-39994DiVA, id: diva2:1215087
Subject / course
HHJ, Occupational Therapy
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-13 Created: 2018-06-07 Last updated: 2018-06-13Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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