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Arbetsterapeuters erfarenheter av att arbeta med fallprevention hos äldre i ordinärt boende: En intervjustudie
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Occupational therapists’ experiences of working with fall prevention among elderly in an ordinary residence : An Interview Study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Fallolyckor är ett allvarligt problem bland äldre människor i dagens samhälle. Ett fall kan leda till svårigheter att utföra aktiviteter i vardagen. Arbetsterapeuten har därför en viktigt roll i arbetet för att förhindra fall men trots det finns det få studier om arbetsterapeuters erfarenheter om arbete med fallprevention. Syftet var att beskriva arbetsterapeuters erfarenheter av att arbeta med fallprevention hos äldre i ordinärt boende. Metoden var en kvalitativ design med semistrukturerade intervjuer. Deltagare rekryterades genom bekvämlighetsurval och totalt deltog nio arbetsterapeuter från två olika kommuner i södra Sverige i examensarbetet. Kvalitativ innehållsanalys användes för att analysera materialet. Resultatet kunde sammanfattas i fyra kategorier; arbetsterapeuters uppfattningar om fallprevention, vikten av samverkan, redskap för att identifiera fallrisker och fallpreventiva åtgärder i ordinärt boende. De i sin tur delades in i elva underkategorier. Slutsatsen var att fallprevention är ett område som är svårt att arbeta förebyggande med. Oftast kopplas arbetsterapeuten in när fall redan har inträffat, men flera arbetsterapeuter betonade att de önskade att arbeta mer förebyggande för att förhindra fall. 

Abstract [en]

Fall accidents are a serious problem among older people in today's society. A fall can lead to difficulties in performing everyday activities. Therefore, the occupational therapist  plays an important role in preventing falls, but despite that there is only a few studies about their experience of work with fall prevention. The purpose was to describe occupational therapist’s experiences of working with fall prevention among elderly in an ordinary residence. The method was qualitative design with a semi-structured interview. Participants were recruited through a convenient selection and a total of nine occupational therapists from two different municipalities in southern Sweden participated in the study. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyze the material. The results could be summarized in four categories: occupational therapists perceptions of fall prevention, the importance of interaction, tools for identifying fall risks and fall preventive interventions in an ordinary residence. Which turned in to eleven subcategories. The conclusion was that fall prevention is a difficult area to work preventive with. Most often, the occupational therapists are called in when the fall already has occurred, but several occupational therapists underlined that they wanted to work more towards the prevention of falls. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
Fall, Methods, Occupational therapy, Preventive work
Keywords [sv]
Arbetsterapi, Fall, Förebyggande arbete, Metoder
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-39975ISRN: JU-HHJ-ATA-1-20180100OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-39975DiVA, id: diva2:1214966
Subject / course
HHJ, Occupational Therapy
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-20 Created: 2018-06-07 Last updated: 2018-06-20Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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