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Aktiviteter inom psykiatrisk heldygnsvård: En kvalitativ studie om arbetsterapeuters upplevelser om behov
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Forskning visar att personer som är inneliggande på psykiatrisk heldygnsvård ofta upplever en brist på aktiviteter. Tillgången till aktiviteter är en viktig del för människans välbefinnande och skapar förutsättningar för att kunna vara delaktig i samhället. Syfte: Att beskriva arbetsterapeuters upplevelser om behovet av att använda aktiviteter inom psykiatrisk heldygnsvård, och vid behov; vilken typ av aktiviteter? Metod: En kvalitativ, fenomenologisk ansats användes. Urvalet skedde på flera sätt - både avsiktligt och maximalt varierat, samtidigt med snöbollsurval. Den transkriberade datan bearbetades och en kvalitativ innehållsanalys utfördes, vilket resulterade i tre huvudkategorier och tio underkategorier. Resultat: Totalt tio informanter deltog i studien och resultatet utmynnade i huvudkategorierna Aktiviteters betydelse, Aktivitetsanvändning och Resurser. Det ansågs finnas ett behov av aktiviteter inom den psykiatriska heldygnsvården. Aktiviteterna upplevs minska psykiatriska symtom och förkorta rehabiliteringsprocessen. Det är viktigt att aktiviteterna upplevs meningsfulla för patienterna. Arbetsterapeuterna upplever ofta att det är svårt att få tiden att räcka till i deras yrkesroll vilket påverkat möjligheterna till att använda aktiviteter i behandlande syfte. Slutsatser: Tillgången till aktiviteter är viktigt även inom psykiatrisk heldygnsvård, då aktiviteter har en betydande roll i rehabiliteringsprocessen.

Abstract [en]

Background: Research shows that psychiatric inpatients often experience a lack of activities. To have access to activities is important since it enhances well-being and creates conditions for participation in the society. Purpose: To describe occupational therapists experiences about the need to use activities in psychiatric inpatient care, and if needed; which type of activities? Method: A qualitative, phenomenological approach was used. The sample was conducted in several ways - purposive and maximal variety, together with snowballing. The transcribed collected data was analyzed, and a qualitative content analysis was performed, which resulted in three main categories and ten sub categories. Results: Ten informants participated in the study and the results culminated in the main categories “The meaning of activities”, “Activity usage” and “Resources”. It was considered there is a need of activities in psychiatric inpatient care. Activities were perceived to reduce psychiatric symptoms and to shorten the rehabilitation process. It is however important that the activities are meaningful for the patients. The experience often is that there is a lack of time in their professional role which has affected the possibilities to use activities in treatment purposes. Conclusions: To have access to activities is important in psychiatric inpatient care, since activities has a meaningful role in the rehabilitation process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 27
Keyword [en]
mental illness, occupational deprivation, occupational therapy, rehabilitation
Keyword [sv]
arbetsterapi, occupational deprivation, psykisk ohälsa, rehabilitering
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-39956ISRN: JU-HHJ-ATA-1-20180093OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-39956DiVA, id: diva2:1214764
Subject / course
HHJ, Occupational Therapy
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-11 Created: 2018-06-07 Last updated: 2018-06-11Bibliographically approved

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