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Orsaker till ångest hos unga vuxna: Faktorer i vardagen - en litteraturöversikt
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Causes for anxiety among young adults : Factors in everyday life - a literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Transitionen in i vuxenlivet är en utmanande tid. Den främjar både till självständighet och självförverkligande men kantas också av tuffare prövningar som kan vara svåra att hantera. Psykiska utmaningar i transitionen till vuxenlivet kan påverka individen resten av livet och de senaste tio åren har upplevd oro och ångest ökat hos personer mellan 16-29 år. Syftet med studien var att beskriva faktorer i vardagen som orsakar ångest hos unga vuxna. Metoden var en litteraturöversikt av kvalitativa och kvantitativa artiklar. Resultatet presenterades i tre huvudkategorier; relationer, ekonomi och inre emotionella faktorer. I varje kategori identifierades två underkategorier. I relationer ingick relationer till familj och vänner. Orsaker till ångest var bland andra ensamhet, konflikter och frånvarande vårdnadshavare. I ekonomi ingick inkomst och boendesituation. Orsaker till ångest var bland andra att känna att ekonomin inte räckte till och att tvingas bo under icke önskvärda förhållanden. I inre emotionella faktorer ingick självkänsla och motivation. Orsaker till ångest var bland andra emotionell instabilitet och förlorad motivation. Slutsatsen var att ångest begränsar upplevelsen av hälsa. Som sjuksköterska är det viktigt att kunna identifiera faktorer som orsakar ångest hos unga vuxna för att kunna se deras hälsa ur ett helhetsperspektiv. Forskning inom området behöver utökas för att öka förståelsen för unga vuxnas upplevelser av ångest.

Abstract [en]

Background: The transition into adulthood is a challenging time. It promotes both independence and self-actualization but is also outlined by challenges that may be difficult to overcome. Psychological challenges in the transition into adulthood can affect a person for the rest of their life and in the last ten years perceived worry and anxiety has increased in people between 16-29 years old. The aim of the study was to describe factors in everyday life that cause anxiety among young adults. The method was a literature review including qualitative and quantitative articles. The result was presented in three main categories; relationships, economy and intra emotional factors. In each category, two subcategories were identified. Relationships included family and friends. Causes for anxiety were among others loneliness, conflicts and distant guardians. Economy included income and living situation. Causes for anxiety were among others the feeling of not making ends meet and being forced to live under undesirable conditions. Intra emotional factors included confidence and motivation. Causes for anxiety were among others emotional instability and loss of motivation. The conclusion was that anxiety limits the perception of health. As a nurse it is important to be able to identify factors that cause anxiety among young adults in order to view their health from a holistic perspective. More research in the area is needed to increase the understanding of young adults’ experiences of anxiety.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 13
Keywords [en]
Young adults, psychological stress, anxiety, experiences
Keywords [sv]
Unga vuxna, psykisk stress, ångest, upplevelser
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-39890ISRN: JU-HHJ-OMA-1-20180349OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-39890DiVA, id: diva2:1214175
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-12 Created: 2018-06-05 Last updated: 2018-06-12Bibliographically approved

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