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När minnet utmanar livet: Anhörigas upplevelser av att vårda en person med demenssjukdom
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
When memory challenges life : Relatives experience of caring for a person with dementia (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Demenssjukdomar är vanligt förekommande i Sverige och prevalensen beräknas öka. Många personer med demenssjukdom bor kvar i hemmet och anhöriga tar ett stort ansvar för vården av dessa personer. Att vara anhörigvårdare till en person med demenssjukdom innebär påfrestningar både fysiskt, psykiskt och socialt.Syfte: Att beskriva anhörigas upplevelser av att vårda en person med demenssjukdom. Metod: Litteraturöversikt med induktiv ansats baserad på 15 vetenskapliga artiklar med kvalitativ design, som har analyserats med Fribergs femstegsmodell. Resultat: I resultatet framkom huvudkategorierna: En förändrad livssituation, Att acceptera förändringen samt Anhörigas behov. Det framkom även åtta subkategorier: Förändrade roller i relationen, Förändrat socialt liv, En förändrad framtid, Förändrade känslor, Att acceptera rollen, Att känna meningsfullhet, Behov av egentid samt Behov av stöd.Slutsats: Anhöriga är i behov av stöd från hälso-sjukvården. Sjuksköterskan har en nyckelroll i att stödja anhöriga vilket kräver goda kunskaper om demenssjukdomar och om anhörigas upplevelser av att vårda en person med demenssjukdom.

Abstract [en]

Background: Dementia are common in Sweden and the prevalence is expected to increase. Many people with dementia live in their homes and relatives are responsible for the care of these people. Being a caregiver for a person with dementia causes great pressures both physically, psychologically and socially. Aim: To describe relatives experiences of caring for a person with dementia. Method: Literature review with inductive approach based on 15 scientific articles with qualitative design, which has been analysed with Friberg's five-step model. Findings: In the results, the main categories were: A changed life situation, To accept the change and Relatives needs. There were eight subcategories: Changed Role in Relationship, A changed social life, A changed future, Emotional attendance, Accepting the role, Feeling meaningful, Need to be for themselves, and Need for support. Conclusion: Relatives are in need of support from the health care. The nurse has a key role in supporting the relatives, which requires good knowledge of dementia and relatives' experiences of caring for a person with dementia.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 38
Keywords [en]
family-centred care, qualitative, support, nursing
Keywords [sv]
Familjecentrerad omvårdnad, kvalitativ, stöd, omvårdnad
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-39866ISRN: JU-HHJ-OMA-1-20180366OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-39866DiVA, id: diva2:1213948
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-13 Created: 2018-06-05 Last updated: 2018-06-13Bibliographically approved

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