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Kvinnors upplevelser efter genomgången mastektomi: En litteraturöversikt
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Women's experiences of mastectomy as a treatment for breast cancer : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Bröstcancer är den vanligaste cancerformen bland kvinnor globalt sett. År 2016 drabbades 7 500 kvinnor av bröstcancer i Sverige och av dessa avled 1400 kvinnor på grund av sjukdomen. Vidare behandlas 90 % av kvinnorna kirurgiskt och mastektomi, som primär kirurgisk behandling, ökar bland alla åldersgrupper. Ärret som blir kvar på kroppen är en ständig påminnelse om sjukdomen. Syfte: Att beskriva bröstcancerdrabbade kvinnors upplevelser efter genomgången mastektomi. Metod: En kvalitativ litteraturöversikt med induktiv ansats gjordes där 10 kvalitativa artiklar inkluderades. Resultat: Kvinnor upplevde på flera sätt att kroppen förändrades och att deras självbild påverkades. Förändringar i det sociala livet förekom och kvinnor upplevde ett behov av stöd. Vidare uppkom existentiella funderingar hos kvinnorna, som bland annat en förändrad syn på livet. Slutsats: Resultatet kan leda till att vårdpersonal, men också människor i samhället får en ökad kunskap och förståelse för kvinnor som genomgått en mastektomi. Som sjuksköterska är det viktigt att vara öppen för alla kvinnors upplevelser och tillämpa personcentrerad omvårdnad i bemötandet.  

Abstract [en]

Background: Breast cancer is the most common form of cancer among women around the world. In 2016, 7 500 women in Sweden received the diagnosis and of these, 1 400 passed away. Of all women, 90 % is treated surgically, and mastectomy as primary treatment increases among all ages. The scar becomes a constantly reminder of the disease. Aim: To describe the experience of mastectomy as a treatment among women with breast cancer. Method: A qualitative literature review with inductive approach where 10 qualitative articles were included. Results: Women experienced that their bodies changed in many ways. Also, their body image was affected. Changes in their social life occurred and women experienced a need of support. Furtherly, existential questions appeared, such as seeing life in a new perspective. Conclusion: The result can lead to an increased knowledge in the society and health professionals which can lead to a better understanding for the women who had undergone a mastectomy. As a nurse it is important to respect every unique experience and apply person centered care in the treatment.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
Breast cancer, body image, mastectomy, patient experience, person centered care
Keywords [sv]
Bröstcancer, kroppsuppfattning, mastektomi, patientupplevelse, personcentrerad omvårdnad
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-39796ISRN: JU-HHJ-OMA-1-20180338OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-39796DiVA, id: diva2:1213405
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-11 Created: 2018-06-04 Last updated: 2018-06-13Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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