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Upplevelse av stigma inom vården utifrån personer med psykisk ohälsa: En litteraturöversikt
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Experience of stigma in health care from people with mental ill health : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Psykisk ohälsa är ett vanligt förekommande fenomen. Trots detta så existerar fortfarande ett stigma mot de som drabbas i form av negativa föreställningar om denna grupp. Stigmatiserande attityder finns i samhället i stort samt inom vården och kan resultera i negativa konsekvenser för den som blir utsatt. Detta är inte i linje med vårdens uppdrag där alla ska behandlas med värdighet och respekt. Syfte: Beskriva hur personer med psykisk ohälsa upplever stigma inom vården. Metod: Studien är en litteraturöversikt av kvalitativ design med en induktiv ansats. Resultatet är baserat på nio artiklar som kvalitetsgranskades utifrån ett protokoll framtaget av Hälsohögskolan i Jönköping samt analyserades utifrån Fribergs analyssteg. Resultat: Stereotypisering samt bristande vård utgör studiens övergripande teman. I dessa ingår underteman upplevelser av att anses vara inkompetent, upplevelser av social stämpling, upplevelser av bristande interaktion, upplevelser av att inte uppfattas som en hel människa samt upplevelser av kränkande bemötande. Slutsats: Det faktum att patienterna har psykisk ohälsa kan påverka vårdrelationen negativt. Stigmat kan skapa barriärer mellan patienter och vårdgivare samt kan ge upphov till lidande för patienterna. Vårdgivaren bör se människan bakom sjukdomen.

Abstract [en]

Background: Mental ill health is a widespread phenomenon. There is in spite of this still a stigma around the people affected that takes form of negative notions about this group. Stigmatizing attitudes exist both in society as a whole and in health care and may result in negative outcomes for the people affected by them. This is not in line with the commitment of health care where everyone should be treated with dignity and respect. Aim: To describe how people with mental ill health experience stigma in healthcare. Method: The study is a literature review with a qualitative design and an inductive approach. The result is based on nine scientific papers which were examined by quality through a protocol made by Hälsohögskolan in Jönköping and analysed with Friberg’s model of analysis. Results: Stereotypization and insufficient care are the general themes of the study. These themes includes the subthemes experiences of being considered incompetent, experiences of social labelling, experiences of insufficient interaction, experiences of not being perceived as a whole person and experiences of offensive treatment. Conclusions: The occurrence of patients having mental ill health may affect the relationship between caregivers and the patients in a negative manner. The stigma may create barriers between patients and caregiver and may result in suffering for the patients. The caregivers should see the person behind the illness. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 20
Keywords [en]
Literature review, stigma, stereotypization, lack of care, mental ill health
Keywords [sv]
Litteraturöversikt, stigma, stereotypisering, bristande vård, psykisk ohälsa
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-39774ISRN: JU-HHJ-OMA-1-20180334OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-39774DiVA, id: diva2:1213271
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-11 Created: 2018-06-04 Last updated: 2018-06-11Bibliographically approved

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