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Människan påverkas av miljön
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Nightingale förespråkade vikten av vårdmiljön och dess betydelse för patienten på senare halvan av 1800-talet. Hennes teori bygger på att patienten skall ha en trivsam miljö vid sjukhusvistelse och att den är avgörande för patientens återhämtning. En god och trivsam miljö har visat sig förkorta återhämtningstiden och ökat patientens välmående och dennes positiva upplevelse av att vistas på sjukhus. Syfte: Att beskriva patienters upplevelse av vårdmiljön på sjukhus. Metod: En kvalitativ litteraturöversikt med induktiv ansats genomfördes. Resultat: Det framkom två huvudkategorier; Den visuella miljöns influens med underkategorierna “Färgens betydelse”, “Behovet av ljus och utsikt” och “Inredningens påverkan” samt Vårdrummets inflytande med underkategorierna “Betydelsen av rummets egenskaper” och “Behovet av god komfort”. Upplevelserna hos patienterna gällande vårdmiljön på sjukhus var varierande ifall den var tillfredsställande eller inte. Patienterna nämnde flertalet faktorer som ökade deras positiva upplevelse av att vara inlagd på sjukhus, exempelvis färger, fönster och utrymme. Det framkom även faktorer som hade en negativ påverkan på deras upplevelse, exempelvis obekväma möbler och oljud. Slutsats: Resultatet visade att vårdmiljön har sina brister runt om i världen. Studien visar också att de problem som Nightingale handskades med fortfarande förekommer idag.

Abstract [en]

Background: In the second half of the 17th century, Nightingale advocated the weight of the hospital environment and its effect on the patient. Her theory was built on the patient encountering a pleasant environment during hospitalization and its critical impact for the patients well-being and health.  A pleasant environment has shown to counteract prolonged hospital stays and leads to a shortened recovery process. Aim: To describe patients experience of the hospital environment. Method: A qualitative literature review with an inductive approach was conducted. Results: Two main categories were revealed; The visual environmental influence, with the sub categories “The meaning of colours”, “The need of light and view” and “Impact of the interior”. The second main category found was; The hospital wards impact, with the sub categories “The importance of the rooms characteristics” and “The need of good comfort”. The patients experience of the hospital environment varied between being satisfying or not. The patients mentioned several isolated components that had a positive effect on their experience during hospital stays, such as colours, windows and space. Components that had a negative effect were also mentioned.

Conclusion: The result sheds light on the flaws and deficiencies in the physical hospital environment that exists internationally. The study conducts the fact that the problems that Nightingale dealt with still exists to this day.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 19
Keywords [en]
Experience, Hospital, Hospital environment, patients
Keywords [sv]
Patienter, Sjukhus, Upplevelse, Vårdmiljö
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-39741ISRN: JU-HHJ-OMA-1-20180363OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-39741DiVA, id: diva2:1212744
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-13 Created: 2018-06-03 Last updated: 2018-06-13Bibliographically approved

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