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Sjuksköterskans upplevelse av att vårda personer med HIV
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Ungefär 37 miljoner människor lever med HIV idag. HIV förknippas ofta med starka känslor och påverkar den drabbade personens liv negativt på många sätt. Att vårda en person med HIV är påfrestande för sjuksköterskan och det finns en kunskapsbrist som försvårar arbetet. Den personcentrerade vården är viktig i sjuksköterskans arbete och innebär att alla personer ska vårdas med samma förutsättningar. Syfte: Beskriva sjuksköterskans upplevelse av att vårda personer med HIV. Metod: Litteraturöversikt med tolv kvalitativa artiklar. En induktiv ansats tillämpades. Dataanalysen utgick från Fribergs femstegsmodell. Resultat: Tre huvudkategorier och nio subkategorier hittades. Huvudkategorierna var: “Utmaningar i omvårdnadsarbetet”, “Utmaningar i bemötandet” och “Utmaningar i sin egen utsatthet”. Resultatet visade att sjuksköterskan upplevde rädsla relaterat till HIV, vilket ofta berodde på okunskap. Sjuksköterskan upplevde också diskriminering på grund av sitt arbete med HIV, då det fanns en stigmatisering gentemot HIV i samhället. Arbetet med HIV innebar både psykisk och fysisk stress för sjuksköterskan. Slutsatser: För att överkomma de hinder som uppstår i vårdandet av personer med HIV krävs det mer kunskap. Det är av vikt att sjuksköterskan redan under utbildning får adekvat kunskap om HIV.

Abstract [en]

Title: Nurses experience of caring for people with HIV. Background: About 37 million people live with HIV today. HIV is often associated with strong emotions and have a negative affect at the person’s life. Caring for a person with HIV is hard on the nurse and there’s a lack of knowledge that complicates the work. The person-centered care is important in the nurse's work and means that they should care for all persons in the same way. Aim: Describe the nurses’ experience of caring for people with HIV. Method: Literature review with twelve qualitative articles. An inductive approach was applied. The data analysis was based on Fribergs five step model. Results: Three main categories and nine subcategories were found. The main categories were: "Challenges in nursing", "Challenges in the personal treatment "and "Challenges in their own vulnerability". The result shows that the nurse experiences fear related to HIV, which is often due to lack of knowledge. The nurse also experiences discrimination because of her/his work with HIV, as there’s a stigma against HIV in society. The work of HIV involves both mental and physical stress for the nurse. Conclusions: In order to overcome the obstacles that arise in the care of people with HIV, more knowledge is needed. It is important that the nurse receives adequate knowledge of HIV during education.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 27
Keyword [en]
blood contamination, human immunodeficiency virus, stigmatization, qualitative
Keyword [sv]
blodsmitta, humant immunbristvirus, kvalitativ, stigmatisering
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-39735ISRN: JU-HHJ-OMA-1-20180315OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-39735DiVA, id: diva2:1212692
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-08 Created: 2018-06-03 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved

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