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Prostatacancer och den sexuella hälsan: En litteraturöversikt
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Prostate cancer and the sexual health : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

Bakgrund: Orsakerna till att prostatacancer uppstår är i dagsläget inte fastställt, men ärftlighet har visat sig ha en betydelse. Prostatacancer är den vanligaste typen av cancer i världen bland män, där patienterna drabbas av såväl fysiska som psykiska besvär vilket har en påverkan på individernas sexuella hälsa.

Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva patienters upplevelser av sexuell hälsa vid prostatacancer. 

Metod: En litteraturöversikt baserad på artiklar med kvalitativa data användes.

Resultat: Resultatet redovisade tre huvudkategorier som ger en insyn i individernas upplevelse av sexuell hälsa: Att förlora en del av sin identitet, Upplevd påverkan på relationer samt Att kunna anpassa sin livssituation. Det var främst den försämrade förmågan till erektion som påverkade individernas identitet, deras relationer och skapade ett behov av anpassning till den nya situationen.

Slutsats: Patienter som lever med prostatacancer upplever en försämrad sexuell hälsa till följd av sin sjukdom. Det resulterar i konsekvenser där patienterna drabbas fysiskt, psykiskt, och socialt, vilket leder till svåra utmaningar för individerna. Litteraturöversikten kan bidra till att ge vårdpersonal en ökad insikt i hur patienterna upplever sin situation, vilket kan resultera i att patienterna får en bättre och mer individanpassad vård.

Abstract [en]

Summary

Background: The causes why the prostate cancer occurring are currently not determined, but heredity has been shown to be of importance. Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in the world among men, where the patients suffer from physical and mental illness which affect the sexual health of individuals.

Purpose: The purpose was to describe patients' experiences of sexual health in prostate cancer.

Method: A literature review based on qualitative data was used.

Result: The result presented three main categories that provide an insight into the individual's perception of sexual health: Losing a part of one's identity, Experienced effect on relationships, and Being able to adjust one's life. It was primarily the impaired ability of erection that affected the individual’s identity, their relationships and created a need for adaption to the new situation.

Conclusion: Patients living with prostate cancer experience impaired sexual health due to their illness. This results in consequences where patients suffer physically, mentally, and socially, leading to difficult challenges for the individuals. This literature review can provide healthcare professionals with an increased insight into how patients experience their situation, which can result in patients getting a better and more individualized care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 20
Keyword [en]
Erectile dysfunction, Holism, Intimacy, Nursing
Keyword [sv]
Erektil dysfunktion, Holism, Intimitet, Omvårdnad
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-39652ISRN: JU-HHJ-OMA-1-20180327OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-39652DiVA, id: diva2:1211919
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-08 Created: 2018-05-31 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved

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