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Erfarenheter av information hos hjärtsviktspatienter: En litteraturöversikt
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Experiences of Information in Heart Failure Patients : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Hjärtsvikt drabbar många personer såväl i Sverige som internationellt. Information är grundläggande för hantering av sjukdomen samt för att förebygga negativa följder. Som teoretisk utgångspunkt användes KASAM, känslan av sammanhang. Syfte: Att beskriva hjärtsviktspatienters erfarenheter av information. Metod: En litteraturöversikt med tolv kvalitativa artiklar har gjorts. Artiklarna har analyserats med Fribergs femstegsmodell. Resultat: I litteraturöversiktens resultat framkommer två teman, "Tillfredsställelse med information" samt "Former för information". Hjärtsviktspatienter hade skilda erfarenheter gällande information. Vissa patienter hade upplevt att informationen var tillfredsställande och tillräcklig medan andra upplevde informationen som bristande. Informationen som gavs upplevdes ofta vara i behov av anpassning utifrån patientens förutsättningar. Patienter hade erfarenheter av aspekter som såväl hindrade som underlättade information. I vissa fall använde patienter andra källor utöver vården för att hitta information. Slutsatser: För att omvårdnaden kring hjärtsviktspatienter ska bli tillgodosedd krävs att sjuksköterskan tar sig tid och ger anpassad information till patienterna. Sjuksköterskan bör se till att anpassa informationen utifrån patienternas förutsättningar, önskemål, resurser och behov. Litteröversikten visar att det finns rum för förbättring angående givning av information till hjärtsviktspatienter. 

Abstract [en]

Background: Heart failure affect many people both in Sweden and internationally. Information is key to managing the illness and preventing negative consequences. KASAM (SOC), sense of coherence, was used as the theoretical starting point. Aim: To describe heart failure patients' experiences of information. Method: With Friberg's five step model as the analytic method, a literature review was conducted on twelve qualitative studies about heart failure patients' experiences of information. Result: The literature review's result shows two themes, "Satisfaction with Information" and "Forms of Information". Heart failure patients had different experiences concerning information. Some patients experienced the information as satisfactory and sufficient while others experience the information as lacking. The information that was given was often experienced as in need of adaptation to fit the patient's situation.  Patients had experiences of aspects that both hindered and facilitated information. In some cases, patients used sources other than the health care to find additional information. Conclusion: In nursing of heart failure patients the nurse has to take time to inform and to adapt information to the patients. The nurse should make sure to adapt the information after the patients' condition, wishes, resources and needs. The literature review shows that there's room for improvement concerning information given to heart failure patients.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 22
Keywords [en]
heart failure, patients' experiences, information, qualitative, literature review
Keywords [sv]
hjärtsvikt, patienters erfarenheter, information, kvalitativ, litteraturöversikt
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-39589ISRN: JU-HHJ-OMA-1-20180310OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-39589DiVA, id: diva2:1211043
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-08 Created: 2018-05-30 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved

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