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The role of action-control beliefs in developing entrepreneurial expertise
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS Entrepreneurship Centre. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6186-0659
2018 (English)In: Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, ISSN 1462-6004, E-ISSN 1758-7840, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 222-240Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to theorize on the mechanisms underlying the development of entrepreneurial expertise. While prior studies have identified differences between the behavior of novice and expert entrepreneurs, the mechanisms that cause these differences have not received sufficient attention.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper systematically reviews the extant literature on entrepreneurial expertise and builds the conceptual framework by employing an action-control belief framework to propose mechanisms underlying the development of expert behavior.

Findings

This paper argues that differences in behavior between novice and expert entrepreneurs stem from self-perceptions of their ability to act. More specifically, stronger action-control beliefs encourage entrepreneurs to create new interpretations of the world over time; develop and use strategies that allow them to rely on perceived control over means and ends, their perceived capacity, and their agency; and hence behave more like experts.

Practical implications

This paper suggests that strategy, capacity, and control beliefs are key in individuals’ decisions of whether to engage in entrepreneurial action and that expert entrepreneurs hold stronger beliefs than novices. Positive experiences, particularly those associated with deliberate practice, contribute to developing these beliefs and, more broadly, to entrepreneurial expertise.

Originality/value

This paper proposes that the mechanism of transformation from novice to expert behavior can be attributed to positive changes in deeply held beliefs about strategy (i.e. possible means-ends frameworks), capacity (i.e. access to means), and control (i.e. perceived efficacy). Each of the beliefs can develop separately from others and at different pace. In other words, this work explains why novice and expert entrepreneurs behave differently.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2018. Vol. 25, no 2, p. 222-240
Keyword [en]
Deliberate practice, Entrepreneurial action, Action-control beliefs, Entrepreneurial expertise
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38989DOI: 10.1108/JSBED-05-2017-0180Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85043449322OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-38989DiVA, id: diva2:1190369
Available from: 2018-03-14 Created: 2018-03-14 Last updated: 2018-03-27Bibliographically approved

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Markowska, Magdalena

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