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En hemlös är en hemlös... människa: En kritisk diskursanalys av två svenska gatutidningars representation av hemlösa
Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The homeless are homeless... people : A critical discourse analysis of two Swedish street newspapers’ representation of the homeless (English)
Abstract [sv]

Den här studien undersöker hur representationen av hemlöshet ser ut i två svenska gatutidningar: Faktum och Situation Sthlm. Syftet med studien är att bidra till teoretiseringen av mediers representation av hemlöshet, samt att utöka förståelsen för gatutidningar som medium och som plattform för utsatta människor. För att uppnå syftet utgår studiens teoretiska ramverk från kritisk diskursanalys (CDA) och representation av klass. Studiens metod grundar sig på begrepp från CDA, tillsammans med begrepp från van Leeuwens taxonomi för representationer av sociala aktörer. Ett urval av texter från Faktum och Situation Sthlm har gjorts för att kunna studera representationen av hemlöshet i gatutidningar.

Resultatet visar att hemlösa representeras utifrån fem olika diskursiva teman. I det första konstrueras hemlösa som aktiva individer med mänskliga egenskaper. I det andra förekommer den motsatta bilden där hemlösa ses som anonyma passiva grupper. Hemlösa representeras också som missbrukare och kriminella. Ett av temana innefattar representationen av externa problem som orsaker till hemlöshet, däribland droger och brott. Slutligen konstrueras ett “vi” och ett “dem” där hemlösa ses som motståndare till icke-hemlösa.

Abstract [en]

This study examines the representation of homelessness in two Swedish street newspapers: Faktum and Situation Sthlm. The study aims to contribute to theorization of media representations of homelessness and also to increase the understanding of street newspapers as a medium and as a platform for vulnerable people. To achieve the aim, the theoretical framework of the study is based on critical discourse analysis (CDA) and representation of class. The study method uses concepts from CDA, together with concepts from van Leeuwen's taxonomy of representation of social actors. A selection of texts from Faktum and Situation Sthlm has been made to examine the representation of homelessness in street newspapers.

The results show that homeless people are represented within five different discursive themes. In the first one the homeless are constructed as active individuals with human qualities. In the second the opposite image occurs where homeless people are seen as anonymous passive groups. The homeless are also represented as drug-users and criminals. One of the themes includes the representation of causes for homelessness, among them drugs and crimes. Finally an “us” and “them” is constructed where homeless people are seen as opponents to non- homeless people. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 48
Keywords [en]
representation, social actors, homelessness, critical discourse analysis, street newspapers, swedish media
Keywords [sv]
representation, sociala aktörer, hemlöshet, kritisk diskursanalys, gatutidningar, svenska medier
National Category
Communication Studies Media Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38793ISRN: JU-HLK-MKA-1-20180169OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-38793DiVA, id: diva2:1181782
Subject / course
HLK, Media and Communication Studies
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-02-26 Created: 2018-02-09 Last updated: 2018-02-26Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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Output format
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