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Implementation of ict based innovations as electronic medical record in sub-sahara Africa: Issues of relevance for future implementations
University of Rwanda, College of Business and Economics, Rwanda.
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Information Technology and Information Systems (CenITIS). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6491-7198
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Informatics.
2017 (English)In: Proceedings of the International Conference on E-Health, EH 2017 - Part of the Multi Conference on Computer Science and Information Systems 2017, IADIS Press, 2017, p. 95-101Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Electronic medical records (EMR) have been implemented in developed countries since 1972 when the first computer-stored medical record at Wishard Memorial Hospital was designed. However, less seem to be known about EMRs in an African context. The purpose of this paper is therefore to review studies on EMRs implemented in sub-Saharan Africa and to identify benefits and challenges met. Articles available in PubMed, PMC, Scopus, JAMIA and Google were searched through JIBS online library using the search string "EMR systems in Sub-Saharan Africa". In most the papers, EMRs have been implemented in HIV/AIDS settings allowing better monitoring of patients under antiretroviral therapy (ART). EMR systems have also succeeded to increase the number of patients under ART. Moreover, EMRs have improved work processes as they have reduced patients waiting time and enhanced monitoring of medical appointments. However, EMRs have suffered lack of electricity, poor Internet connectivity and computer illiteracy. Today, HIV/AIDS care providers have benefited on the implementation of EMRs and there is a possibility to extend the implementation to other healthcare departments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IADIS Press, 2017. p. 95-101
Keyword [en]
eHealth in Sub-Sahara Africa, EMR Challenges and benefits, EMR implementation, ICT in Health, Digital libraries, Diseases, Health, Medical computing, Patient treatment, Developed countries, Electronic medical record, Enhanced monitoring, Internet connectivity, Sub-Sahara Africa, Sub-saharan africa, Online systems
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38634Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85040104230ISBN: 9789898533654 OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-38634DiVA: diva2:1176992
Conference
International Conference on E-Health, EH 2017 - Part of the Multi Conference on Computer Science and Information Systems 2017, 20 – 23 July, Lisbon, Portugal
Available from: 2018-01-24 Created: 2018-01-24 Last updated: 2018-01-24Bibliographically approved

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Vimarlund, VivianWass, Sofie

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