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Networks, geography, and the survival of the firm
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Prior studies show that the success of firms in industrial clusters is the result of two main reasons; the transfer of knowledge and routines from parent firms to spinoffs that locate in the same locality, and the returns from co-location. While previous research has largely inferred the presence of parent-spinoff networks, few studies have measured them. Furthermore, the lack of geographic precision has led to conflicting results for evidence of returns from location, as the gains from geographic proximity may not always be linear. This paper introduces network measurement and a refined geographic measure to separate these two respective channels of knowledge transfer, and analyzes their impact on firm survival (as a proxy for firm success). It is found that the gains with respect to location are nonlinear. Furthermore, a firm’s historical links formed through parent-spinoff linkages have a significant impact on survival, which differ depending on the motivations of the entrepreneur. Moreover, these channels of knowledge are complementary in nature.

Keywords [en]
Industrial clusters, spin-offs, knowledge flows Schumpeter
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38238OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-38238DiVA, id: diva2:1167573
Available from: 2017-12-19 Created: 2017-12-19 Last updated: 2017-12-19Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. The birth, life and death of firms in industrial clusters: The role of knowledge networks
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The birth, life and death of firms in industrial clusters: The role of knowledge networks
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Three single-authored papers in this thesis will explore the role of knowledge and information in industrial clusters; and specifically, how knowledge plays a role inthe emergence and persistence of clusters. This thesis places a major emphasis on spinoff firms.

The first paper uses a computational model to describe how patterns of industrial clustering arise with respect to the size of an initial firm when measured in terms of innovation. Technology is qualitatively described using a code set mapped on a cognitive space. Assuming inheritability of networking skills, I seek to model how the size of an initial firm influences future patterns of cluster formation through a model of technical cognition and a mimicking of creativity. Replicating the stylized facts of entrepreneurial cluster formation, we find initial firm size has a lasting impact on clustering patterns through its influence on the level of cognitive distance of the underlying agents.

The second paper turns to networks as a tool of analysis to explore the relationship between a spinoff’s network and its geographical location within an industrial cluster. Although recent literature infers that the transmission of organizational attributes in industrial clusters is accomplished via passive network ties, this has not been directly measured. After controlling for firm size, parent size and age, we find that there a statistically significant and negative relationship between network efficiency and geographic distance to a cluster’s core.

The third and final paper extends the use of networks to examine how knowledge flows, as conduits for routines and skills, affect the survival prospects for firms in industrial clusters. We consider knowledge transmission via two channels: those from inherited linkages and those from geographic proximity. It is found that a firm’s historical links formed through parent-spinoff networks have a significant impact on survival, which differ depending on the motivations of the entrepreneur. Moreover, the gains with respect to location are found to be nonlinear.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, 2017. p. 53
Series
JIBS Dissertation Series, ISSN 1403-0470 ; 119
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38241 (URN)978-91-86345-81-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-01-19, B1014, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-12-19 Created: 2017-12-19 Last updated: 2017-12-19Bibliographically approved

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Bagley, Mark J. O.

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