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Working successfully towards inclusion—or excluding pupils?: A comparative retroductive study of three similar schools in their work with EBD
Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Communication, Culture & Diversity @ JU (CCD@JU). (REDDI)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8598-3365
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Background. Sweden uses municipally run Pupil Referral Units (PRUs) for students displaying emotional behavioural difficulties (EBD). This study investigates one Swedish municipality where transfers of students to PRUs were related to school practices favouring either inclusion or exclusion.

Method. A purposeful sampling procedure was used to select three elementary schools with regard to their success (School A) or failure (B and C) in keeping pupils with problematic behaviours at school. These three schools are in catchment areas with similar socio-economic conditions. A mixed methods research design was combined with comparative case studies in a retroductive approach.

Results. School A had only one pupil transferred to a PRU in ten years, whereas such transfers from B and C were almost tenfold. School A distinguished itself from the other two schools by its number of inclusive qualities. This school succeeded in keeping almost all students without depriving other students of their rightful learning.

Conclusions. All data showed that the reasons for the differences in exclusion rates were to be found inside the schools and not inside the pupils. Accordingly, the results from this study indicate that the number of children viewed as having behaviour problems is closely related to the quality of their schools regarding work with special needs education. In an era when behavioural difficulties are most often seen as behavioural difficulties within children, the results from this study call for a redirection of focus, from individuals’ behaviours to educational factors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
National Category
Other Social Sciences Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-37495OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-37495DiVA: diva2:1146027
Conference
NNDR 14th Research Conference, Örebro, 3-5 May, 2017.
Available from: 2017-10-01 Created: 2017-10-01 Last updated: 2017-10-02Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf