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Ecological validity of the German Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency – 2nd Edition
Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, United Kingdom.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1129-8071
2017 (English)In: Human Movement Science, ISSN 0167-9457, E-ISSN 1872-7646, Vol. 53, 45-54 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The diagnosis of Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) is based on poor motor coordination in the absence of other neurological disorders. In order to identify the presence of movement difficulties, a standardised motor assessment is recommended to determine the extent of movement problems which may contribute to deficits in daily task performance. A German version of the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency, Second Edition (German BOT-2) was recently published. This study aimed to determine the ecological validity of the German BOT-2 by considering the relationship between assessment of fundamental motor skills with the BOT-2 and performance of everyday motor activities as evaluated by parents. This study used data obtained from the German BOT-2 standardisation study (n = 1.177). Subtests were compared with theoretically corresponding tasks via parental ratings of overall fine and gross motor abilities and performance in six typical motor activities. Non-parametric Jonckheere Terpstra test was used to identify differences in ordered contrasts. Subtests reflecting ‘Strength’, ‘Running Speed and Agility’, ‘Upper-Limb Coordination’, ‘Balance’, and ‘Fine Motor Precision’ were associated with parental evaluation of gross motor skills (p < 0.001). The subtest ‘Fine Motor Integration’ significantly correlated with parental ratings of females’ fine motor skills. Parental ratings of males’ fine motor skills were associated with three further subtests. Regarding everyday motor activities, the first three fine motor BOT-2 subtests were associated with parent evaluations of drawing, writing and arts and crafts (p < 0.001). Gross motor subtests of ‘Bilateral Coordination’ and ‘Balance’ showed no relationship to bike riding or performance in sports. Subtests of ‘Upper-Limb Coordination’ and ‘Strength’ showed significant correlations with sports, ball games and cycling. The results of this study suggest that the closer the proximity in the nature of the motor skills assessed in the German BOT-2 to daily motor tasks, the stronger the relationship between the clinical test and parental report of everyday performance of their child. The body functions tested in the German BOT-2, and hypothesized to underpin certain skills, were not automatically relevant for specific activities undertaken by German children. Future research should investigate the relationships of the various BOT-2 constructs for diagnosis of DCD.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017. Vol. 53, 45-54 p.
Keyword [en]
BOT-2, Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency, Daily activities, DCD, German, Parents, Validity, adolescent, art, Article, child, clinical assessment, comparative study, controlled study, drawing, ecological validity, female, human, male, motor activity, motor control, motor learning, motor performance, preschool child, school child, sport, task performance, writing
National Category
Neurology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-37435DOI: 10.1016/j.humov.2016.10.005ISI: 000403743200006PubMedID: 27832925Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85006312708OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-37435DiVA: diva2:1145854
Conference
11th International Conference on Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD), Toulouse, France, July 02-04, 2015
Available from: 2017-09-29 Created: 2017-09-29 Last updated: 2017-09-29Bibliographically approved

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