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Transport accessibility, wholesale trade and spatial development
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis comprises four independent papers, which all explore some aspect of the relationship between accessibility and spatial development. The central question I pose is how improved accessibility to transportation services, human capital, jobs, or the market contributes to the spatial variation in economic development. Empirical data and estimations are utilized in all chapters.

The first paper (co-authored with Johan Klaesson) explores how a regional accessibility model can be used to analyze the growth of knowledge-intensive industries on a detailed geographical scale compared to a broader definition.

In the second paper (co-authored with Maria Börjesson and Christer Anderstig), a refined accessibility measure is used to estimate the magnitude of the causal effect of transport system investments on the unemployment rate, and whether the effect differs for people with different levels of education.

The third paper addresses the role that access to transportation services plays for wholesale start-ups, particularly in regions lacking in local demand.

The analysis in paper number four covers the same time period as the advancement of the Internet, which greatly reduced transaction costs. The paper examines the importance of access to human capital for the spatial reorganization and growth of wholesale industries during this time period.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School , 2017. , p. 45
Series
JIBS Dissertation Series, ISSN 1403-0470 ; 115
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-37291ISBN: 978-91-86345-75-4 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-37291DiVA, id: diva2:1140747
Public defence
2017-09-29, B1014, Internationella handelshögskolan, Jönköping, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
VINNOVA, 2014-03587Available from: 2017-09-13 Created: 2017-09-13 Last updated: 2017-09-13Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Market potential and the employment growth of knowledge-intensive services: comparing different geographical resolutions
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Market potential and the employment growth of knowledge-intensive services: comparing different geographical resolutions
2015 (English)In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 55, no 1, p. 157-185Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In order to empirically understand the geographical reach of different markets, it is vital to use an appropriate geographical resolution. Using too large observational units risks hiding the interesting relationships within the regional boundaries. In this study, we aim to investigate and compare similar analyses performed on different geographical levels, with a special focus on innovative industries. Accessibility to markets, services and infrastructure is thought to be major determinants of the potential for economic development and welfare of a region. Earlier empirical research establishing the relationship between agglomeration forces and regional growth typically includes a measure for accessibility or market potential as an explanatory factor. The geographical scale that conventional accessibility measures operate on is usually on the level of municipalities or similar, even when theory suggests that a more disaggregated scale is desirable. Most often the reason for this is limitations in available data. In many cases, the researcher is left with a geographical level based on administrative borders. Analyses on more disaggregated levels allow the researcher to better pinpoint the actual accessibility that each firm faces. In order to shed light on the importance of these issues, this paper utilizes an exploratory approach to investigate the relationship between the spatial distribution and growth of knowledge-intensive services (KIS) and the accessibility to economic activity (market potential). We use regional employment growth in KIS as a proxy for regional innovativeness. The relationship is estimated on two different geographical levels using Swedish data. The more conventional model is estimated with the 290 municipalities in Sweden as the units of analysis. In the Swedish context, this represents the geographically smallest administrative level. In the more novel model, we use the 298 so-called SAMS areas of Jönköping County in Sweden. Our results show that the detailed level is particularly important for the analysis of the growth of the more advanced sectors of the economy, in our setting, the high-tech knowledge-intensive services.

National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-28052 (URN)10.1007/s00168-015-0701-1 (DOI)000364031400007 ()2-s2.0-84946486790 (Scopus ID)
Note

Included in an updated and improved version with the title "Market potential and the location of knowledge intensive services: comparing different geographical resolutions" in doctoral thesis "Transport accessibility, wholesale trade and spatial development" (link below).

Available from: 2015-09-28 Created: 2015-09-28 Last updated: 2017-09-14Bibliographically approved
2. Labour market accessibility and unemployment
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Labour market accessibility and unemployment
2017 (English)In: Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, ISSN 0022-5258, E-ISSN 1754-5951, Vol. 51, no 1, p. 47-73Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper estimates the relationship between temporal changes in unemployment and changes in labour market accessibility in Sweden. The accessibility measure is derived from the national transport model taking consumer behaviour, all travel modes, and different travel time components into account. The measure is more accurate than those used in previous studies and it is consistent with cost–benefit analyses (CBA). We find a negative relationship, which is more pronounced for low-educated workers, between changes in labour market accessibility and changes in unemployment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
University of Bath, 2017
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-36502 (URN)000406999500004 ()
Available from: 2017-06-29 Created: 2017-06-29 Last updated: 2017-09-13Bibliographically approved
3. Transport infrastructure and wholesale start-ups in peripheral and central locations in Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Transport infrastructure and wholesale start-ups in peripheral and central locations in Sweden
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper departs from the hypothesis that regions lacking in local demand can compete for start-ups in wholesale trade through promoting their transport infrastructure. Theoretically, the provision of transport infrastructure connecting urban centers with peripheral areas could have both negative and positive effects on firm investment in the peripheral areas, since connectivity also implies competition from the urban core. I argue that the effect on wholesale start-ups, in particular, will be positive, as these firms are attracted to logistically convenient areas outside of the urban center. The logistical convenience of locations is assessed on three dimensions of transport infrastructure – highways, railway terminals, and a ranking of overall logistical convenience. This research underlines the importance of local transport infrastructure, since it, in theory, enables wholesalers to add to urban productivity gains and to the revitalization of more-peripheral areas simultaneously.

National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-37276 (URN)
Available from: 2017-09-13 Created: 2017-09-13 Last updated: 2017-09-13Bibliographically approved
4. The fate of the middleman in the information age: the role of human capital in the growth of wholesale services in Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The fate of the middleman in the information age: the role of human capital in the growth of wholesale services in Sweden
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

I investigate the role that human capital has played in the spatial reorganization of wholesale industries on a granular spatial scale in Sweden between 1990 and 2010. This time period coincides with the rapid advancement of the internet, which is an event that was expected to eradicate the need for wholesaling services. This study provides an empirical examination of why this belief did not materialize and explanations for the uneven spatial distribution of the growth of wholesaling industries in recent decades.

National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-37277 (URN)
Available from: 2017-09-13 Created: 2017-09-13 Last updated: 2017-09-13Bibliographically approved

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