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Transport infrastructure and wholesale start-ups in peripheral and central locations in Sweden
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper departs from the hypothesis that regions lacking in local demand can compete for start-ups in wholesale trade through promoting their transport infrastructure. Theoretically, the provision of transport infrastructure connecting urban centers with peripheral areas could have both negative and positive effects on firm investment in the peripheral areas, since connectivity also implies competition from the urban core. I argue that the effect on wholesale start-ups, in particular, will be positive, as these firms are attracted to logistically convenient areas outside of the urban center. The logistical convenience of locations is assessed on three dimensions of transport infrastructure – highways, railway terminals, and a ranking of overall logistical convenience. This research underlines the importance of local transport infrastructure, since it, in theory, enables wholesalers to add to urban productivity gains and to the revitalization of more-peripheral areas simultaneously.

National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-37276OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-37276DiVA: diva2:1140713
Available from: 2017-09-13 Created: 2017-09-13 Last updated: 2017-09-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Transport accessibility, wholesale trade and spatial development
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Transport accessibility, wholesale trade and spatial development
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis comprises four independent papers, which all explore some aspect of the relationship between accessibility and spatial development. The central question I pose is how improved accessibility to transportation services, human capital, jobs, or the market contributes to the spatial variation in economic development. Empirical data and estimations are utilized in all chapters.

The first paper (co-authored with Johan Klaesson) explores how a regional accessibility model can be used to analyze the growth of knowledge-intensive industries on a detailed geographical scale compared to a broader definition.

In the second paper (co-authored with Maria Börjesson and Christer Anderstig), a refined accessibility measure is used to estimate the magnitude of the causal effect of transport system investments on the unemployment rate, and whether the effect differs for people with different levels of education.

The third paper addresses the role that access to transportation services plays for wholesale start-ups, particularly in regions lacking in local demand.

The analysis in paper number four covers the same time period as the advancement of the Internet, which greatly reduced transaction costs. The paper examines the importance of access to human capital for the spatial reorganization and growth of wholesale industries during this time period.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, 2017. 45 p.
Series
JIBS Dissertation Series, ISSN 1403-0470 ; 115
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-37291 (URN)978-91-86345-75-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-09-29, B1014, Internationella handelshögskolan, Jönköping, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
VINNOVA, 2014-03587
Available from: 2017-09-13 Created: 2017-09-13 Last updated: 2017-09-13Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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