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Structural relations between sources of parental knowledge, feelings of being overly controlled and risk behaviors in early adolescence
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare. University West, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2998-7289
Gothenburg University, Sweden.
Gothenburg University, Sweden.
Gothenburg University, Sweden.
2017 (English)In: Journal of Family Studies, ISSN 1322-9400, E-ISSN 1839-3543Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

In this study, we have investigated parental knowledge and its sources, namely adolescent disclosure, parental control, and parental solicitation; and how they relate to adolescents’ feelings of being overly controlled, and to three types of adolescent risk behaviors, namely bullying, substance use, and delinquent behavior. This was studied in a sample of 1520 Swedish early adolescent boys and girls (M age = 13.0). A structural equation path model showed that adolescent disclosure and parental control were positively associated with parental knowledge, which in turn related to all three risk behaviors. Adolescent disclosure was related to lower levels of risk behaviors, while parental solicitation was linked to higher levels of adolescent engagement in risk behaviors, especially for boys, through feelings of being overly controlled. The findings support the idea of a functional role of open communication, as well as adequate levels of autonomy granting, for managing boys’ and girls’ risk behavior.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017.
Keywords [en]
Parental knowledge, disclosure, control, adolescent autonomy, gender
National Category
Health Sciences Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-37206DOI: 10.1080/13229400.2017.1367713OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-37206DiVA, id: diva2:1139185
Available from: 2017-09-07 Created: 2017-09-07 Last updated: 2019-04-10
In thesis
1. Mutual actions - Developmental links between aspects of the parent-adolescent relationship and adolescent risk behaviors
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mutual actions - Developmental links between aspects of the parent-adolescent relationship and adolescent risk behaviors
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Adolescence is a critical time for the onset or intensification of engagement in risk behaviors, such as delinquency and alcohol use. Parents are often advised to supervise adolescents or set rules for behavior control in order to protect their adolescents from harm. But are such parenting strategies advantageous in preventing adolescents from engaging in risk behaviors? Little is known about what role adolescents play in the parent- adolescent relationship and their own psychosocial development? The overall aim of the dissertation was to investigate how parent- and adolescent-driven communication efforts occurring in the parent-adolescent relationship relate to risk behaviors in early to mid- adolescence.

Findings show that adolescent-driven communication efforts (i.e. disclosure about their everyday activities) play a prominent role in the parent-adolescent relationship and adolescent engagement in risk behaviors. Adolescent disclosure is linked to parental knowledge of an adolescent’s whereabouts, parent-adolescent emotional connectedness, and decreases in adolescent risk behaviors over time. While parental behavioral control of adolescent whereabouts can indeed be protective of adolescent engagement in risk behaviors, parents’ soliciting efforts are related to higher levels of engagement in delinquency and substance use. This is particularly true for boys and adolescents with detached and fearless temperament. However, when adolescents are willing to communicate, parents can elicit more disclosure from their adolescents through soliciting efforts.

This dissertation suggests that parents and adolescents both play important roles in parenting and parent-adolescent relationships. Parents can protect their adolescents from engagement in risk behaviors, especially when adolescents share information with their parents.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, 2019. p. 111
Series
Hälsohögskolans avhandlingsserie, ISSN 1654-3602 ; 096
Keywords
adolescents, risk behaviors, parent-adolescent relationship, disclosure, communication
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-43445 (URN)978-91-85835-95-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2019-05-17, Forum Humanum, School of Health and Welfare, Jönköping, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-04-10 Created: 2019-04-10 Last updated: 2019-04-10Bibliographically approved

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Kapetanovic, Sabina

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