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Information about first-trimester screening and self-reported distress among pregnant women and partners - comparing two methods of information giving in Sweden
Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, Karolinska Institutet and Center for Fetal Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8196-1289
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Gävle Hospital, Gävle, Sweden.
Department of Public Health and Caring Science, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
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2017 (English)In: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6349, E-ISSN 1600-0412Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

INTRODUCTION:

Balanced information before prenatal diagnosis (PND) aims to help expectant parents to make an informed choice. However, it is important that the information does not increase the expectant parents' psychological distress. The aim was to examine psychological distress among expectant parents, before and after receiving information about PND, to evaluate the possible differences between two different procedures of information giving, and to evaluate the association between satisfaction with the information and psychological distress.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

A longitudinal design, based on questionnaire data from 380 expectant parents from four counties in Sweden. The measurement points; T1, before the information about PND was given and T2, 2 weeks after the prenatal screening or 15 weeks of gestation. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Swedish version of the Cambridge Worrying Scale (CWS) measured psychological distress. The Satisfaction with Genetic Counseling Scale (SCS) measured satisfaction with information about PND.

RESULTS:

The rate of psychological distress was stable among the pregnant women, but decreased among their partners, after the information was received. General anxiety and the social-medical dimension of pregnancy-related worry decreased among the participants who received information, using the more distinct two-stage process (group A), but was unchanged in group B (less distinct two-stage process). Health-related worry decreased in both groups, whereas relational worry and level of depressive symptoms were unchanged in both groups.

CONCLUSION:

Information about PND does not increase the psychological distress among expectant parents. A more distinct two-stage process of information giving might even decrease their anxiety.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2017.
Keyword [en]
Anxiety; first-trimester combined screening; informed choice; prenatal diagnosis; psychological distress; worry
National Category
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-37180DOI: 10.1111/aogs.13195ISI: XYZPubMedID: 28742930Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85028000048OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-37180DiVA: diva2:1138287
Available from: 2017-09-04 Created: 2017-09-04 Last updated: 2017-09-04

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