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The openness buzz in the knowledge economy: Towards taxonomy
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE). KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
2017 (English)In: Environment and Planning C: Politics and Space, ISSN 2399-6544, Vol. 35, no 6, 975-989 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the networked information and knowledge-based economy and society, the notions of ‘open’ and ‘openness’ are used in a variety of contexts; open source, open access, open economy, open government, open innovation – just to name a few. This paper aims at discussing openness and developing a taxonomy that may be used to analyse the concept of openness. Are there different qualities of openness? How are these qualities interrelated? What analytical tools may be used to understand openness? In this paper four qualities of openness recurrent in literature and debate are explored: accessibility, transparency, participation and sharing. To further analyse openness new institutional theory as interpreted by Williamson (2000) is used, encompassing four different institutional levels; cultural embeddedness, institutional environment, governance structure and resource allocations. At what institutional levels is openness supported and/or constrained? Accessibility as a quality of openness seems to have a particularly strong relation to the other qualities of openness, whereas the notions of sharing and collaborative economics seem to be the most complex and contested quality of openness in the knowledge-based economy. This research contributes to academia, policy and governance, as handling of challenges with regard to openness vs. closure in different contexts, territorial, institutional and/or organizational, demand not only a better understanding of the concept, but also tools for analysis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2017. Vol. 35, no 6, 975-989 p.
Keyword [en]
Knowledge-based economy, openness, institutional theory, policy, governance
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-37155DOI: 10.1177/0263774X16671312ISI: 000408391200003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85028031754OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-37155DiVA: diva2:1138230
Available from: 2017-09-04 Created: 2017-09-04 Last updated: 2017-09-14Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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