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The Tragedy of the Commons: An Emerging Risk to the Entrepreneurial Society
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8391-9378
2015 (English)In: 7th Global Peter Drucker Forum: Claiming our Humanity : Managing in the Digital Age, Vienna: GPDF , 2015Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Economist Willian Foster Lloyd described the notion of “commons” in 1833 in reference to the open pastures being damaged by self-interested herdsmen. Biologist Garreth Hardin used the term in 1968 to describe how population growth spoils our shared atmosphere, oceans and rivers. It is the over-utilization of the commons that inevitably leads to the tragedy, causing unhappiness, conflicts and ultimately extinction.

Western society in the 21st century is clearly built on the notion of the commons – the very human right to be part of a prosperous culture that values intelligence, tolerance, peaceful lives, and progress. This commons makes up the foundation of our nations, as much as the air and the oceans, and it did not come easily. Philosopher Slavoj Zizek reminds us that all features we identify today with liberal democracies – like the freedom of speech, voting rights, gender equality, mass education and the right to a decent livelihood –  were gained through often violent popular struggles during the 19th century. In the 20th century, it took two World Wars and myriad local conflicts to arrive at a modicum of global peace and prosperity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Vienna: GPDF , 2015.
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-36965OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-36965DiVA: diva2:1134957
Conference
7th Global Peter Drucker Forum, Vienna, November 5 – 6, 2015.
Available from: 2017-08-22 Created: 2017-08-22 Last updated: 2017-08-22Bibliographically approved

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