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Non-routine activities and the within-city geography of jobs
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7432-7442
2017 (English)In: Urban Studies, ISSN 0042-0980, E-ISSN 1360-063X, Vol. 54, no 8, 1808-1833 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Externalities are believed to drive the productivity benefits of cities, and also of dense sub-parts within cities, e.g. the central business district (CBD). Recent research claims that density externalities accrue mostly to non-routine activities, and that their effects, e.g. human capital spillovers, attenuate sharply with distance. Consistent with these claims, I demonstrate strong clustering tendencies in non-routine professions as evidenced by job-switching patterns, specifically switchers’ distances moved between employers. Individual-level geo-coded data for switchers within Sweden’s metropolitan areas are used to illustrate that employees hired to non-routine occupations tend to switch to jobs close to the previous work establishment, while blue collar workers show dispersion. The differences are chiefly explained by (1) non-routine activities concentrate in the CBD (the strongest effect) and local employment centres, (2) non-routine activities cluster also outside of centres, and (3) industry-specific effects. The patterns are consistent with the importance of sharply attenuating non-market interactions (e.g. knowledge spillovers) in the production of non-routine products and services.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2017. Vol. 54, no 8, 1808-1833 p.
Keyword [en]
agglomeration, city planning, human capital externalities, job-switching, matching
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-36606DOI: 10.1177/0042098016643266ISI: 000403460300003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85019904520OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-36606DiVA: diva2:1119381
Available from: 2017-07-04 Created: 2017-07-04 Last updated: 2017-07-04Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • en-US
  • fi-FI
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  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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  • asciidoc
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