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Labour market accessibility and unemployment
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
2017 (English)In: Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, ISSN 0022-5258, E-ISSN 1754-5951, Vol. 51, no 1, 47-73 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper estimates the relationship between temporal changes in unemployment and changes in labour market accessibility in Sweden. The accessibility measure is derived from the national transport model taking consumer behaviour, all travel modes, and different travel time components into account. The measure is more accurate than those used in previous studies and it is consistent with cost–benefit analyses (CBA). We find a negative relationship, which is more pronounced for low-educated workers, between changes in labour market accessibility and changes in unemployment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
University of Bath , 2017. Vol. 51, no 1, 47-73 p.
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-36502ISI: 000406999500004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-36502DiVA: diva2:1117476
Available from: 2017-06-29 Created: 2017-06-29 Last updated: 2017-09-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Transport accessibility, wholesale trade and spatial development
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Transport accessibility, wholesale trade and spatial development
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis comprises four independent papers, which all explore some aspect of the relationship between accessibility and spatial development. The central question I pose is how improved accessibility to transportation services, human capital, jobs, or the market contributes to the spatial variation in economic development. Empirical data and estimations are utilized in all chapters.

The first paper (co-authored with Johan Klaesson) explores how a regional accessibility model can be used to analyze the growth of knowledge-intensive industries on a detailed geographical scale compared to a broader definition.

In the second paper (co-authored with Maria Börjesson and Christer Anderstig), a refined accessibility measure is used to estimate the magnitude of the causal effect of transport system investments on the unemployment rate, and whether the effect differs for people with different levels of education.

The third paper addresses the role that access to transportation services plays for wholesale start-ups, particularly in regions lacking in local demand.

The analysis in paper number four covers the same time period as the advancement of the Internet, which greatly reduced transaction costs. The paper examines the importance of access to human capital for the spatial reorganization and growth of wholesale industries during this time period.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, 2017. 45 p.
Series
JIBS Dissertation Series, ISSN 1403-0470 ; 115
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-37291 (URN)978-91-86345-75-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-09-29, B1014, Internationella handelshögskolan, Jönköping, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
VINNOVA, 2014-03587
Available from: 2017-09-13 Created: 2017-09-13 Last updated: 2017-09-13Bibliographically approved

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Norman, Therese

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