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Knowledge and attitude of oral health among caregivers in nursing homes for elderly in Ga-Rankuwa, South Africa.: A Cross-sectional study
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis [Artistic work]
Abstract [en]

Background: Elderly today have an increased life expectancy and retaining their teeth longer than before, it is important that healthcare-professionals have knowledge about oral health and how to prevent oral diseases. Objective: To study knowledge and attitude of oral health among caregivers at nursing homes in Ga-Rankuwa, Pretoria, South Africa. Method: The study was a quantitative cross-sectional study. Data was collected by a questionnaire representing four dimensions; Internal Locus of Control, External Locus of Control, Self-Efficacy and Oral Health Care Beliefs (OHCB), consisting questions about oral health and oral hygiene. The population consisted of 130 caregivers. Result: A total of 50 out of 61 caregivers participated in the study, out of which 43 were females and 7 were males. The age-interval was between 20-75 years. Generally, no statistical significant differences in knowledge and attitudes between the two nursing homes and between the caregivers´ professional statuses was noticed. T-test showed a statistical significant difference (P=0.011) between the caregivers for OHCB-dimension, and (P=0.044) between nursing home “A” and “B” for OHCB dimension. Conclusion: The general level of knowledge and attitude among the caregivers was satisfactory but low. Monitored health intervention studies should be given to promote oral health care knowledge and beliefs. 

Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Äldre har idag en ökad livslängd och allt fler behåller sina tänder längre än tidigare. För att vårdpersonalen ska kunna förebygga orala sjukdomar hos dessa individer är det viktigt att dem har kunskap om oral hälsa samt hur man förebygger orala sjukdomar. Syfte: Att studera kunskap och attityder om oral hälsa bland personal på äldreboenden i Ga-Rankuwa, Pretoria, Sydafrika. Metod: Studien var en kvantitativ tvärsnittsstudie där datainsamlingen skedde genom ett frågeformulär som innehöll frågor om oral hälsa och munhygien. Populationen bestod av 130 vårdgivare. Resultat: Totalt deltog 50 av 61 vårdgivare i studien, varav 43 var kvinnor och 7 män. Åldersintervallen var 20–75 år. Generellt fanns det inga statistiskt signifikanta skillnader avseende kunskaper och attityder mellan dem två äldreboenden och mellan vårdpersonalens yrke. En tillfredsställande men låg kunskapsnivå och attityd uppmärksammades mellan äldreboenden och vårdgivarnas yrkesstatus. T-testen visade en statistisk signifikant skillnad (P = 0,011) mellan vårdpersonalen för OHCB-dimensionen och (P = 0,044) mellan äldreboenden "A" och "B" för OHCB-dimensionen. Slutsats: Generellt var deltagarnas attityd och kunskapsnivån tillfredställande men låg. Interventionsstudier med uppföljning bör göras för att bättra kunskap och attityd om oral hälsa.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 33 p.
Keyword [en]
Caregivers, Elderly Care, Healthcare Providers, Nursing home Oral Health Care Beliefs
Keyword [sv]
Oral health Care beliefs, Vårdpersonal, Vårdgivare, Äldreboende
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-36356ISRN: JU-HHJ-OHA-1-20170034OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-36356DiVA: diva2:1114133
External cooperation
Rowaid Nasrallah
Subject / course
HHJ, Oral Health Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-28 Created: 2017-06-22 Last updated: 2017-06-28Bibliographically approved

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