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Arbetsterapeuters erfarenheter av interventioner för individer med hjärntrötthet: En kvalitativ studie
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Occupational therapists' experiences of interventions for individuals with mental fatigue : A qualitative study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Introduktion: Tidigare forskning tyder på att hjärntrötthet är ett komplext tillstånd som negativt påverkar individens livssituation och kan skapa obalans i vardagliga aktiviteter. Syfte: Att beskriva arbetsterapeuters erfarenheter av interventioner för individer med hjärntrötthet. Metod: En kvalitativ design valdes för att besvara studiens syfte. Avsiktligt urval användes för att utse tio arbetsterapeuter med erfarenhet inom området. Data samlades in med hjälp av semistrukturerade intervjuer med öppna intervjufrågor. Innehållsanalys genomfördes på de transkriberade intervjuerna, vilket resulterade i ett tema, tre kategorier samt sju underkategorier. Resultat: Resultatet sammanfattades i temat ”Arbetsterapeuten som coach med individen i fokus”. Kategorierna som framkom var; Information och rådgivning: vikten av att informera patienter och anhöriga om innebörden av hjärntrötthet samt nyttan med interaktion där arbetsterapeuten agerade coach och patienten gavs möjlighet att reflektera. Strategier: genom exempelvis identifiering, planering och struktur av aktivitetsmönster erbjöds patienten hantering av hjärntröttheten och kunde därmed bättre klara sin vardag. Hjälpmedel: individanpassade hjälpmedel av olika slag kunde underlätta i patientens vardag. Slutsatser: Det fanns inte några färdiga interventioner för patienter med hjärntrötthet utan åtgärderna behövde anpassas för varje specifik individ. Genom coachning, strategier och hjälpmedel kunde patienterna lära sig att hantera sin hjärntrötthet och få vardagen att fungera.

Abstract [en]

Introduction: Previous researches indicate that mental fatigue is a complex condition that adversely affects the individual's life situation and can cause imbalance in everyday activities. Aim: To describe occupational therapists' experiences of interventions for individuals with mental fatigue. Method: A qualitative design was chosen to answer the purpose of this study. Target selection was used to elect ten occupational therapists with experience in the field. Data was collected using semi-structured interviews with open interview questions. Content analysis was conducted on the transcribed interviews, resulting in one theme, three categories and seven subcategories. Result: The result was summarized in a theme: Occupational therapist as a coach with focus on the individual. The categories were; Information and counseling: the importance of informing patients and relatives about mental fatigue as well as the benefit of interaction. Strategies: further interventions were enabled through patients identifying and acquiring insight of his or her own situation. Assistive devices: individualized assistive devices could support the patient's everyday life. Conclusions: Results showed that there were no ready-made interventions for patients with mental fatigue and that the interventions had to be individualized for each specific individual. The purpose of the interventions was to teach patients to deal with their mental fatigue and

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 25 p.
Keyword [en]
Activity balance, occupational therapy
Keyword [sv]
Aktivitetsbalans, arbetsterapi, mental fatigue, mental trötthet, upplevelse.
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-36205ISRN: JU-HHJ-ATA-1-20170070OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-36205DiVA: diva2:1111141
Subject / course
HHJ, Occupational Therapy
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-20 Created: 2017-06-17 Last updated: 2017-06-20Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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