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Aktivitetsbalans hos ålderspensionärer med reumatoid artrit
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Occupational balance in retirees with rheumatoid arthritis (English)
Abstract [sv]

Trots utvecklade behandlingsstrategier upplever personer med Reumatoid Artrit (RA) fortfarande smärta, aktivitetsbegränsningar och delaktighetsinskränkningar. RA har även visat sig ha en betydande inverkan på aktivitetsbalansen. En kunskapslucka gällande aktivitetsbalans hos ålderspensionärer med RA har uppmärksammats. Syftet med examensarbetet var att beskriva aktivitetsbalansen hos ålderspensionärer med RA. Examensarbetet baseras på redan insamlade data från en tvärsnittsstudie. Totalt ingick 230 ålderspensionärer med RA. Instrumentet Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ) användes för att mäta aktivitetsbalans och tre korrelationer undersöktes: mellan aktivitetsbalans och smärta, mellan aktivitetsbalans och delaktighetsinskränkningar i viktiga aktiviteter samt mellan aktivitetsbalans och aktivitetsbegränsningar. Instrumentet Valued Life Activities scale (VLA) användes för att mäta delaktighetsinskränkningar i viktiga aktiviteter och instrumentet Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) användes för att mäta aktivitetsbegränsningar. Resultatet visade att ålderspensionärer med RA hade högre aktivitetsbalans än tidigare studier gjorda med OBQ. Lägre aktivitetsbalans var signifikant relaterat till mer delaktighetsinskränkningar i viktiga aktiviteter och mer aktivitetsbegränsningar. Endast en svag signifikant relation mellan aktivitetsbalans och smärta kunde ses. Resultaten visar på vikten av att beakta individens förmåga till aktivitet och delaktighet vid en otillfredsställande aktivitetsbalans och vice versa. Det vill säga, om individen upplever delaktighetsinskränkningar i viktiga aktiviteter eller aktivitetsbegränsningar så kan det vara av värde att arbetsterapeuten beaktar individens upplevda aktivitetsbalans.

Abstract [en]

Despite developed treatment strategies, people with Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) still experience pain, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. RA has also been shown to have a considerable impact on occupational balance. Occupational balance of retirees with rheumatoid arthritis has been identified as a knowledge gap. The aim of this thesis was to describe occupational balance in retirees with RA. The thesis is based on already collected data from a cross-sectional study. In total 230 retirees with RA were included. The Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ) was used to measure occupational balance and three correlations was examined: between occupational balance and pain, between occupational balance and participations restrictions in valued life activities and between occupational balance and activity limitations. The Valued Life Activities scale (VLA) was used to measure participation restrictions in valued life activities and the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) was used to measure activity limitations. The results showed that retirees with RA had a higher occupational balance than earlier studies with OBQ. Lower occupational balance was significantly related to more participation restrictions in valued life activities and more activity limitations. Only a weak significant relationship between occupational balance and pain was found. The results show the importance of considering the individual’s ability to activity and participation when occupational balance is unsatisfactory and vice versa. That is, if the individual experiences participation restrictions in valued life activities or activity limitations it could be valuable for the occupational therapist to consider the individual’s experienced occupational balance. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-36175ISRN: JU-HHJ-ATA-1-20170071OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-36175DiVA: diva2:1110763
Subject / course
HHJ, Occupational Therapy
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-20 Created: 2017-06-16 Last updated: 2017-06-20Bibliographically approved

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